2019/2020 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Physical/Occupational Therapy I (8365/36 weeks, 280 hours)
NOTE: This course has specific state laws and regulations from a governing medical board or agency. Please contact the Virginia Department of Education, Office of Career and Technical Education Services prior to implementing this course. All inquiries may be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Tasks/competencies when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.are considered optional
Demonstrating Personal Qualities and Abilities
Demonstrating Interpersonal Skills
Demonstrating Professional Competencies
- Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
- Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
- Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
- Manage time and resources.
- Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
- Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
- Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
- Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
- Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
- Demonstrate professionalism.
- Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
- Demonstrate workplace safety.
Examining All Aspects of an Industry
- Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
- Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
- Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
- Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.
Addressing Elements of Student Life
- Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
- Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
- Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
- Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.
Exploring Work-Based Learning
Gaining an Overview of the Rehabilitation Field
Exploring Careers in the Rehabilitation Field
- Describe the variety of career fields related to rehabilitation.
- Explain the differences among a physical therapist, physical therapist assistant, occupational therapist, and occupational therapy assistant.
- Describe the requirements for licensure and credentialing in PT and OT.
- Complete a clinical observation experience.
Gaining an Overview of Physical and Occupational Therapy
- Describe the basic objectives of physical therapy.
- Describe the basic objectives of occupational therapy.
- Outline the basic history of physical and occupational therapy.
- Distinguish among functional mobility, activities of daily living (ADL), and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL).
- Describe the changing roles of physical therapy and occupational therapy within the medical model.
- Explain the role of professional associations in the physical and occupational therapy fields.
Understanding Ethical and Legal Issues Related to Physical and Occupational Therapy Professionals
Using Effective Communication in the Rehabilitative Environment
- Explain methods of effective verbal and nonverbal communication.
- Identify impairments and age-related changes that may affect communication.
- Demonstrate sensitivity in communicating and interacting with persons with disabilities.
- Describe the core elements of documentation in the medical record.
- Use medical terminology and abbreviations common in therapeutic communication.
Maintaining a Safe Patient Environment
- Complete the American Heart Association course for CPR, AED, and first aid.
- Demonstrate the use of standard precautions in the patient setting.
- Demonstrate the cleaning of rehabilitative and related equipment.
- Identify potential safety hazards in the rehabilitation environment and appropriate responses associated with each.
- Explain ways to maintain client safety.
Understanding Applied Anatomy
Understanding Disease Processes Treated by Rehabilitation Professionals
- Describe common musculoskeletal disorders across the life span.
- Describe common integumentary disorders across the life span.
- Describe common cardiopulmonary disorders across the life span.
- Describe common neuromuscular/neurological disorders across the life span.
- Describe common eye disorders across the life span.
- Describe common psychosocial disorders across the life span.
- Describe common cognitive and perceptional impairments that occur as a result of disease processes across the life span.
- Explain the importance of meeting the emotional needs of the rehabilitative patient.
Lifting and Transferring Patients
Demonstrating Therapeutic Activities
- Demonstrate techniques used for range of motion (ROM).
- Demonstrate techniques used for strengthening.
- Demonstrate techniques used for motor control, balance, and coordination.
- Demonstrate techniques used for improving cardiovascular capacity.
- Describe various conditions requiring therapeutic exercise.
Determining Physical and Physiological Status
Understanding Assistive Technology for Mobility
- Demonstrate basic wheelchair use.
- Identify various types of assistive devices for ambulation.
- Demonstrate gait patterns and procedures for ambulating clients using a variety of assistive devices.
- Explain precautions when ambulating a client.
- Describe the use of a tilt table or hospital bed to prepare a client for an upright position.
- Describe the use of assistive devices, other than wheelchairs, to improve client mobility at home and in the community.
Understanding Techniques and Assistive Technology Used in Occupational Therapy
- Identify techniques used to assist clients in ADL and IADL tasks.
- Identify various types of adaptive equipment used for ADL.
- Identify various types of adaptive equipment used for IADL.
- Identify techniques used to assist clients in work activities.
- Identify various types of adaptive equipment used in the work environment.
- Identify techniques used to assist clients in play, leisure, and social participation.
- Identify various types of adaptive equipment used in play, leisure, and social participation.
- Identify techniques used to assist clients in educational settings.
- Identify various types of adaptive equipment used in educational settings.
- Describe how adaptive equipment can be customized for individual client needs.