# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Practical Nursing I Task 858804846

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

Explain the fundamentals of fluid and electrolyte balance.

Definition

Explanation should include
  • two major body fluid compartments
  • different percentages of body water related to age
  • location of body fluids
  • definitions of active transport, osmosis, diffusion, filtration and phagocytosis
  • role of electrolytes, including sodium, potassium, chloride
  • magnesium as it pertains to fluid movement
  • role of kidneys, lungs, skin, gastrointestinal tract
  • definitions of hypertonic, hypotonic, and isotonic solutions
  • the effect on fluid movement.

Process/Skill Questions

  • What fluid compartments contain the greatest percent of body fluid?
  • How does the percent of body fluid weight of the infant and elderly adult compare to the middle adult?
  • Where is extracellular fluid distributed?
  • What mechanisms maintain fluid balance?
  • How are fluids and electrolytes passively transported in the body?
  • Of what importance is the kidney in maintaining fluid balance?
  • What substances are measured when you implement intake and output for the client?
  • How do you document intake and output?
  • What happens to cells in hypertonic, hypotonic, and isotonic solutions?
  • What are the body’s major electrolytes, their symbols, and basic functions?

Related Standards of Learning

English

11.3

The student will apply knowledge of word origins, derivations, and figurative language to extend vocabulary development in authentic texts.
  1. Use structural analysis of roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms to understand complex words.
  2. Use context, structure, and connotations to determine meanings of words and phrases.
  3. Discriminate between connotative and denotative meanings and interpret the connotation.
  4. Explain the meaning of common idioms.
  5. Explain the meaning of literary and classical allusions and figurative language in text.
  6. Extend general and cross-curricular vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.

11.5

The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts including employment documents and technical writing.
  1. Apply information from texts to clarify understanding of concepts.
  2. Read and correctly interpret an application for employment, workplace documents, or an application for college admission.
  3. Analyze technical writing for clarity.
  4. Paraphrase and synthesize ideas within and between texts.
  5. Draw conclusions and make inferences on explicit and implied information using textual support.
  6. Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
  7. Analyze false premises, claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.
  8. Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, sarcasm, overstatement, and understatement in text.
  9. Generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, evaluative, synthesizing, and critical thinking questions about the text(s).

12.3

The student will apply knowledge of word origins, derivations, and figurative language to extend vocabulary development in authentic texts.
  1. Use structural analysis of roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms, to understand complex words.
  2. Use context, structure, and connotations to determine meanings of words and phrases.
  3. Discriminate between connotative and denotative meanings and interpret the connotation.
  4. Explain the meaning of common idioms, and literary and classical allusions in text.
  5. Extend general and cross-curricular vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.

12.5

The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts.
  1. Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
  2. Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
  3. Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
  4. Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
  5. Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.

Science

BIO.3

The student will investigate and understand relationships between cell structure and function. Key concepts include
  1. evidence supporting the cell theory;
  2. characteristics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells;
  3. similarities between the activities of the organelles in a single cell and a whole organism;
  4. the cell membrane model; and
  5. the impact of surface area to volume ratio on cell division, material transport, and other life processes.

BIO.4b

maintenance of homeostasis;

BIO.4d

human health issues, human anatomy, and body systems;

Other Related Standards

HOSA Competitive Events

Health Science Events

 

Medical Spelling

 

Medical Terminology

 

Health Professions Events

 

Clinical Nursing

 

Teamwork Events

 

HOSA Bowl