# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Practical Nursing I Task 500527216

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

Define Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) / Integrative Healing Arts (IHA).

Definition

Definition should include an explanation of integrative, complementary, alternative, Eastern medicine, and Western medicine in terms of how they relate to *CAM/IHA.
  • Integrative medicine, as defined by National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), combines mainstream medical therapies and complementary alternative medicine (CAM) therapies for which there is some high-quality scientific evidence of safety and effectiveness.
  • Complementary medicine is used together with conventional medicine. An example of a complementary therapy is using aromatherapy to help lessen a patient's discomfort following surgery.
  • Alternative medicine is used in place of conventional medicine. An example of an alternative therapy is using a special diet to treat cancer instead of undergoing surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy. *CAM is referenced by the National Institutes of Health, but IHA is the term that is more current.
See also the Center for Complementary and Integrative Health: https://nccih.nih.gov/

Process/Skill Questions

  • How does CAM/IHA differ from traditional Western medical practice?
  • How might CAM/IHA be used in combination with traditional Western medical practice?
  • How does the term IHA add to the term CAM?
  • What United States agency classifies CAM/IHA?
  • What are the most common IHA treatments used in Western medical practice? What percentage of Americans use IHA?
  • What are the most common IHA therapies being used in the United States, including the medical conditions for which they are used?
  • What are the main reasons people use IHA instead of, or to augment, traditional medicine?
  • How are these IHA and CAMs used safely with traditional medicine?

Related Standards of Learning

English

11.3

The student will apply knowledge of word origins, derivations, and figurative language to extend vocabulary development in authentic texts.
  1. Use structural analysis of roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms to understand complex words.
  2. Use context, structure, and connotations to determine meanings of words and phrases.
  3. Discriminate between connotative and denotative meanings and interpret the connotation.
  4. Explain the meaning of common idioms.
  5. Explain the meaning of literary and classical allusions and figurative language in text.
  6. Extend general and cross-curricular vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.

11.5

The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts including employment documents and technical writing.
  1. Apply information from texts to clarify understanding of concepts.
  2. Read and correctly interpret an application for employment, workplace documents, or an application for college admission.
  3. Analyze technical writing for clarity.
  4. Paraphrase and synthesize ideas within and between texts.
  5. Draw conclusions and make inferences on explicit and implied information using textual support.
  6. Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
  7. Analyze false premises, claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.
  8. Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, sarcasm, overstatement, and understatement in text.
  9. Generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, evaluative, synthesizing, and critical thinking questions about the text(s).

12.3

The student will apply knowledge of word origins, derivations, and figurative language to extend vocabulary development in authentic texts.
  1. Use structural analysis of roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms, to understand complex words.
  2. Use context, structure, and connotations to determine meanings of words and phrases.
  3. Discriminate between connotative and denotative meanings and interpret the connotation.
  4. Explain the meaning of common idioms, and literary and classical allusions in text.
  5. Extend general and cross-curricular vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.

12.5

The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts.
  1. Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
  2. Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
  3. Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
  4. Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
  5. Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.

Other Related Standards

HOSA Competitive Events

Health Science Events

 

Medical Spelling

 

Medical Terminology

 

Knowledge Test: Transcultural Health Care

 

Teamwork Events

 

HOSA Bowl