# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Practical Nursing I Task 2134396614

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

Explain chemical components of the body.

Definition

Explanation should include

  • structures of an atom and a molecule
  • explanation of ionic and covalent bonding
  • elements, compounds, and mixtures
  • chemical symbols for major electrolytes
  • pH scale
  • types of organic compounds
  • composition and work of enzymes.

Process/Skill Questions

  • How can the basic chemical components and elements of the body be described and identified by symbol?
  • How can atoms and molecules be described and differentiated?
  • What are ionic and covalent bonds, and how can they be compared and contrasted?
  • What are the differences among elements, compounds, and mixtures? What are examples of each?
  • What are the pH scale, the pH scale’s purpose, and the normal pH range of the body?
  • What are the three main types and building blocks of organic compounds?
  • What are enzymes and their functions?

Related Standards of Learning

English

11.5

The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts including employment documents and technical writing.
  1. Apply information from texts to clarify understanding of concepts.
  2. Read and correctly interpret an application for employment, workplace documents, or an application for college admission.
  3. Analyze technical writing for clarity.
  4. Paraphrase and synthesize ideas within and between texts.
  5. Draw conclusions and make inferences on explicit and implied information using textual support.
  6. Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
  7. Analyze false premises, claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.
  8. Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, sarcasm, overstatement, and understatement in text.
  9. Generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, evaluative, synthesizing, and critical thinking questions about the text(s).

12.5

The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts.
  1. Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
  2. Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
  3. Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
  4. Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
  5. Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.

Science

BIO.2

The student will investigate and understand the chemical and biochemical principles essential for life. Key concepts include
  1. water chemistry and its impact on life processes;
  2. the structure and function of macromolecules;
  3. the nature of enzymes; and
  4. the capture, storage, transformation, and flow of energy through the processes of photosynthesis and respiration.

CH.2

The student will investigate and understand that the placement of elements on the periodic table is a function of their atomic structure. The periodic table is a tool used for the investigations of
  1. average atomic mass, mass number, and atomic number;
  2. isotopes, half lives, and radioactive decay;
  3. mass and charge characteristics of subatomic particles;
  4. families or groups;
  5. periods;
  6. trends including atomic radii, electronegativity, shielding effect, and ionization energy;
  7. electron configurations, valence electrons, and oxidation numbers;
  8. chemical and physical properties; and
  9. historical and quantum models.

CH.3

The student will investigate and understand how conservation of energy and matter is expressed in chemical formulas and balanced equations. Key concepts include
  1. nomenclature;
  2. balancing chemical equations;
  3. writing chemical formulas;
  4. bonding types;
  5. reaction types; and
  6. reaction rates, kinetics and equilibrium.

Other Related Standards

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Medical Spelling

 

Medical Terminology

 

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Clinical Nursing

 

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