2019/2020 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Practical Nursing I (8357/18 weeks, 280 hours)
NOTE: This course has specific state laws and regulations from a governing medical board or agency. Please contact the Virginia Department of Education, Office of Career and Technical Education prior to implementing this course. All inquiries may be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Tasks/competencies when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.are considered optional
Demonstrating Personal Qualities and Abilities
Demonstrating Interpersonal Skills
Demonstrating Professional Competencies
- Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
- Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
- Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
- Manage time and resources.
- Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
- Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
- Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
- Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
- Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
- Demonstrate professionalism.
- Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
- Demonstrate workplace safety.
Examining All Aspects of an Industry
- Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
- Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
- Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
- Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.
Addressing Elements of Student Life
- Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
- Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
- Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
- Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.
Exploring Work-Based Learning
Describing Fundamental Concepts of Nursing
- Describe the role of the practical nursing student.
- Relate personal aptitudes and interests to the concept of nursing.
- Identify significant factors in the evolution of nursing care.
- Describe the differences among the methods of providing nursing care.
- Describe the roles of healthcare team members.
- Describe the development of professional socialization of the practical nurse that includes working in interdisciplinary teams.
- Describe the cultural and psychosocial aspects of health care in a changing society.
Understanding the Nursing Process
- Describe the six phases of the nursing process.
- Explain the relationship of the nursing process to nursing practice.
- Describe a plan of care, using the nursing process.
- Explain the principles of effective verbal and nonverbal communication.
- Explain the principles of communication when establishing therapeutic relationships.
- Identify principles of conflict resolution.
- Report information relating to the patient/client.
- Describe principles of documentation.
- Demonstrate techniques of client education.
Describing Legal, Ethical, and Professional Responsibilities in Clinical Practice
- Explain the legalities governing the scope of practical nursing as defined in the Board of Nursing Law and Regulation.
- Identify the rights of clients.
- Explain protection of client rights.
- Describe clients’ rights to be free from abuse, mistreatment, neglect, and abandonment.
- Explain the concept of ethics as related to the nursing practice.
- Explain nursing standards of care.
- Describe the influence of various agencies on the delivery of health care.
- Describe organizations that enhance the development of nursing.
Explaining Principles of Anatomy and Physiology
- Explain the basic structural levels of body organization, anatomical structure, and body cavities.
- Explain chemical components of the body.
- Explain structures and functions of the cell.
- Explain structures and functions of tissues, membranes, and glands.
- Explain structures and functions of the integumentary system.
- Explain structures and functions of the skeletal system.
- Explain structures and functions of the muscular system.
- Explain structures and functions of hematological system.
- Explain structures and functions of the cardiovascular system.
- Explain structures and functions of the lymphatic system, including immunity.
- Explain structures and functions of the respiratory system.
- Explain structures and functions of the gastrointestinal system.
- Explain structures and functions of the endocrine system.
- Explain structures and functions of the reproductive system.
- Explain structures and functions of the nervous system.
- Explain structures and functions of the urinary system.
- Explain structures and functions of the sensory system.
- Explain the fundamentals of fluid and electrolyte balance.
- Identify the processes involved in electrolyte movement.
Identifying Concepts of Nutrition
- Identify dietary patterns relating to ethnic, religious, cultural, and personal preferences.
- Identify nutrients essential for optimal health and wellness.
- Describe the digestion and metabolism of food.
- Describe dietary guidelines recommended for health promotion.
- Identify principles of food management and safety.
- Explain basic dietary management techniques.
- Demonstrate the process for providing nourishment.