2019/2020 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Emergency Medical Technician II (8334/36 weeks)
The Virginia Department of Education, in collaboration with the Virginia Department of Health, is pleased to provide the High School Based Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Educational Program Guidelines. The guidelines are based on the newly revised state and national standards for emergency medical technician programs. This document serves as a guide to school divisions for implementing the revised EMT program standards consistently in all high schools and technical centers statewide.
Tasks/competencies when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.are considered optional
Demonstrating Personal Qualities and Abilities
Demonstrating Interpersonal Skills
Demonstrating Professional Competencies
- Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
- Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
- Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
- Manage time and resources.
- Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
- Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
- Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
- Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
- Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
- Demonstrate professionalism.
- Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
- Demonstrate workplace safety.
Examining All Aspects of an Industry
- Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
- Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
- Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
- Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.
Addressing Elements of Student Life
- Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
- Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
- Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
- Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.
Exploring Work-Based Learning
Managing Medical Emergencies
- Describe the assessment and management of an acutely ill patient.
- Demonstrate the assessment and management of patients experiencing neurological emergencies.
- Describe the assessment and management of patients with abdominal or gastrointestinal disorders.
- Demonstrate the assessment and management of patients with hypersensitivity disorders or emergencies.
- Demonstrate body substance isolation and the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) needed for protection from exposure to communicable or infectious diseases.
- Describe the assessment and management of patients with diabetic emergencies.
- Describe the assessment and management of patients displaying psychotic behaviors or signs of other psychiatric disorders.
- Demonstrate the assessment and management of patients experiencing cardiac emergencies.
- Demonstrate the assessment and management of patients suspected of suffering from poisoning.
- Demonstrate the assessment and management of patients with respiratory emergencies.
- Describe the assessment and management of patients with hematological disorders.
- Describe the assessment and management of patients with genitourinary/renal disorders.
- Describe the emergency medical care of patients with gynecological emergencies.
- Describe the assessment and management of patients with nontraumatic musculoskeletal disorders.
- Describe the identification, assessment, and management of patients with disorders of the eyes, ears, nose, and throat.
Managing Special Patient Populations
Understanding EMS Operations
- Describe the risks and responsibilities of emergency response.
- Demonstrate establishment of incident command.
- Evaluate the role of an EMT in a multiple-casualty situation.
- Describe the use of air medical transport.
- Describe the fundamental concepts of extrication.
- Explain the EMT’s role during a call involving hazardous materials.
- Evaluate the role of the EMT in a mass-casualty situation due to terrorism or disaster.
Examining Requirements for Certification
Describing the Opioid Crisis
Examining the Key Factors of Drug Addiction
- Examine the science of addiction.
- Explain prevention and early intervention strategies.
- Identify addiction and its behavioral elements, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).
- Describe the treatment models of addiction therapy.
- Describe the medication management antidote used to prevent fatal opioid overdoses.
Understanding Pain Management Protocols
- Explain the science of physiological and mental pain.
- Describe the diagnostic tools used in developing pain management plans.
- Describe pain treatment options available to various populations of patients.
- Describe the effects of opioid dependency on the human body systems.
- Explain the mechanism and physical effects of opioids on the human body.
- Explain the use of opioids in practice settings, the role of opioids in pain management, and risk factors associated with the use of the medication.
- Describe the withdrawal and tapering side effects of opioid use.
- Describe storage and disposal options for opioids.
- Explain community resources for education about opioid use.