2018/2019 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Emergency Medical Technician I (8333/36 weeks, 280 hours)
The Virginia Department of Education, in collaboration with the Virginia Department of Health, is pleased to provide the High School Based Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Educational Program Guidelines. The guidelines are based on the newly revised state and national standards for emergency medical technician programs. This document serves as a guide to school divisions for implementing the revised EMT program standards consistently in all high schools and technical centers statewide.
All tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Personal Qualities and People Skills
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Professional Knowledge and Skills
- Demonstrate effective speaking and listening skills.
- Demonstrate effective reading and writing skills.
- Demonstrate critical-thinking and problem-solving skills.
- Demonstrate healthy behaviors and safety skills.
- Demonstrate an understanding of workplace organizations, systems, and climates.
- Demonstrate lifelong-learning skills.
- Demonstrate job-acquisition and advancement skills.
- Demonstrate time-, task-, and resource-management skills.
- Demonstrate job-specific mathematics skills.
- Demonstrate customer-service skills.
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Technology Knowledge and Skills
Examining All Aspects of an Industry
- Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
- Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
- Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
- Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.
Addressing Elements of Student Life
- Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
- Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
- Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
- Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.
Introducing Emergency Medical Technician I
Exploring Fundamentals of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Systems
- Describe the components of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) systems.
- Explain the impact of research and evidence-based decision making on EMS care.
- Describe the roles and responsibilities of an EMT toward personal safety and the safety of the crew, patient, and bystanders.
- Explain the components and legal considerations of EMS documentation.
- Describe the techniques of effective and efficient communication.
- Describe the communication skills that should be used to interact with the patient, family, and bystanders while providing patient care.
- Explain the legal implications of EMS care.
- Describe the EMS system’s role in prevention of illness and injury through public education.
Exploring the Human Body
Managing Airway, Respiration, and Artificial Ventilation
Assessing the Patient
- Demonstrate a scene size-up for single-patient and multiple-patient situations.
- Demonstrate a primary assessment.
- Demonstrate history taking.
- Demonstrate a secondary assessment.
- Demonstrate the use of monitoring devices, within an EMT’s scope of practice.
- Demonstrate a reassessment.
- Participate in a supervised EMT clinical rotation.
Managing Shock and Resuscitation
Managing Traumatic Emergencies
- Describe management of a trauma patient.
- Demonstrate management of bleeding.
- Demonstrate management of a patient with a chest injury.
- Demonstrate management of wounds to the abdomen and genitourinary system.
- Demonstrate management of a painful, swollen, or deformed extremity.
- Demonstrate the steps in the emergency medical care of soft-tissue injuries.
- Demonstrate management of head, face, neck, and spine injuries.
- Demonstrate management of central nervous system injuries and resulting complications.
- Differentiate traumatic injury assessment and care for special populations.
- Explain the steps in providing care to a patient who has suffered an environmental injury.
- Prioritize management options for patients with multi-system trauma.