# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Emergency Medical Technician I Task/Competency List

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

2019/2020 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Emergency Medical Technician I (8333/36 weeks)

The Virginia Department of Education, in collaboration with the Virginia Department of Health, is pleased to provide the High School Based Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Educational Program Guidelines. The guidelines are based on the newly revised state and national standards for emergency medical technician programs. This document serves as a guide to school divisions for implementing the revised EMT program standards consistently in all high schools and technical centers statewide.

Tasks/competencies bordered in blue are considered optional when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.

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Demonstrating Personal Qualities and Abilities

  1. Demonstrate creativity and innovation.
  2. Demonstrate critical thinking and problem solving.
  3. Demonstrate initiative and self-direction.
  4. Demonstrate integrity.
  5. Demonstrate work ethic.

Demonstrating Interpersonal Skills

  1. Demonstrate conflict-resolution skills.
  2. Demonstrate listening and speaking skills.
  3. Demonstrate respect for diversity.
  4. Demonstrate customer service skills.
  5. Collaborate with team members.

Demonstrating Professional Competencies

  1. Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
  2. Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
  3. Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
  4. Manage time and resources.
  5. Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
  6. Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
  7. Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
  8. Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
  9. Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
  10. Demonstrate professionalism.
  11. Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
  12. Demonstrate workplace safety.

Examining All Aspects of an Industry

  1. Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
  2. Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
  3. Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
  4. Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
  5. Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
  6. Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
  7. Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
  8. Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.

Addressing Elements of Student Life

  1. Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
  2. Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
  3. Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
  4. Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.

Exploring Work-Based Learning

  1. Identify the types of work-based learning (WBL) opportunities.
  2. Reflect on lessons learned during the WBL experience.
  3. Explore career opportunities related to the WBL experience.
  4. Participate in a WBL experience, when appropriate.

Introducing Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) I

  1. Outline mandatory course requirements and paperwork.
  2. Complete a state-approved certification for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

Exploring Fundamentals of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Systems

  1. Describe the components of EMS systems.
  2. Explain the influence of research and evidence-based decision making on EMS care.
  3. Describe the roles and responsibilities of an EMT toward personal safety and the safety of the crew, patient, and bystanders.
  4. Explain the components and legal considerations of EMS documentation.
  5. Describe the techniques of effective and efficient team communication.
  6. Describe the communication skills that should be used to interact with the patient, family, and bystanders while providing patient care.
  7. Explain the legal implications of EMS care.
  8. Describe the EMS system’s role in prevention of illness and injury through public education.

Exploring the Human Body

  1. Describe the anatomy and physiology of the major body systems.
  2. Define common medical terms and abbreviations.
  3. Explain the effect of pathophysiology on perfusion.
  4. Describe the major physiological and psychosocial characteristics of life stages in relation to patient care.

Understanding Pharmacology

  1. Describe the principles of pharmacology.
  2. Demonstrate the steps for assisting patients with administration of medications that are within an EMT’s scope of practice.
  3. Describe the medications that may be administered by an EMT.

Managing Airway, Respiration, and Artificial Ventilation

  1. Demonstrate assessment and management of the airway.
  2. Demonstrate the assessment of respiration and management of adequate respiration.
  3. Demonstrate assessment and management of adequate and inadequate ventilation.

Assessing the Patient

  1. Demonstrate a scene size-up for single-patient and multiple-patient situations.
  2. Demonstrate a primary assessment.
  3. Demonstrate history taking.
  4. Demonstrate a secondary assessment.
  5. Demonstrate the use of monitoring devices within an EMT’s scope of practice.
  6. Demonstrate a reassessment.

Managing Shock and Resuscitation

  1. Demonstrate the care of a patient showing signs and symptoms of shock (hypoperfusion).
  2. Demonstrate the care of a patient with respiratory failure or arrest, and cardiac failure or arrest, including post-resuscitation.

Managing Traumatic Emergencies

  1. Describe management of a trauma patient.
  2. Demonstrate management of bleeding.
  3. Demonstrate management of a patient with a chest injury.
  4. Demonstrate management of wounds to the abdomen and genitourinary system.
  5. Demonstrate management of orthopedic trauma.
  6. Demonstrate the steps in the emergency medical care of soft-tissue injuries.
  7. Demonstrate management of head, face, neck, and spine injuries.
  8. Demonstrate management of central nervous system injuries and resulting complications.
  9. Differentiate traumatic injury assessment and care for special populations.
  10. Explain the steps in providing care to a patient who has suffered an environmental injury.
  11. Prioritize management options for patients with multi-system trauma.

Participating in Work-Based Learning

  1. Complete clinical requirements for work-based learning.
  2. Participate in a supervised EMT clinical rotation.