# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Fashion Marketing Related Economics and Personal Finance Standards of Learning

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

Related Economics and Personal Finance Standards of Learning

Economics and Personal Finance Standards of Learning

EPF.1

The student will demonstrate knowledge of basic economic concepts and structures by
  1. describing how consumers, businesses, and government decision makers face scarcity of resources and must make trade-offs and incur opportunity costs;
  2. explaining that choices often have long-term unintended consequences;
  3. describing how effective decision making requires comparing the additional costs (marginal costs) and additional benefits (marginal benefits);
  4. identifying factors of production;
  5. comparing the characteristics of market, command, tradition, and mixed economies; and
  6. identifying Adam Smith and describing the characteristics of a market economy.

EPF.2

The student will demonstrate knowledge of the role of producers and consumers in a market economy by
  1. describing how consumers, producers, workers, savers, investors, and citizens respond to incentives;
  2. explaining how businesses respond to consumer sovereignty;
  3. identifying the role of entrepreneurs;
  4. comparing the costs and benefits of different forms of business organization, including sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, franchise, and cooperative;
  5. describing how costs and revenues affect profit and supply;
  6. describing how increased productivity affects costs of production and standard of living;
  7. examining how investment in human capital, capital goods, and technology can improve productivity;
  8. describing the effects of competition on producers, sellers, and consumers;
  9. explaining why monopolies or collusion among sellers reduces competition and raises prices; and
  10. illustrating the circular flow of economic activity.

EPF.3

The student will demonstrate knowledge of the price system by
  1. examining the laws of supply and demand and the determinants of each;
  2. explaining how the interaction of supply and demand determines equilibrium price;
  3. describing the elasticity of supply and demand; and
  4. examining the purposes and implications of price ceilings and price floors.

EPF.4

The student will demonstrate knowledge that many factors affect income by
  1. examining the market value of a worker’s skills and knowledge;
  2. identifying the impact of human capital on production costs;
  3. explaining the relationship between a person’s own human capital and the resulting income potential; and
  4. describing how changes in supply and demand for goods and services affect income.

EPF.6

The student will demonstrate knowledge of the nation’s financial system by
  1. defining the role of money; and
  2. explaining the role of financial markets and financial institutions.

EPF.10

The student will develop consumer skills by
  1. examining basic economic concepts and their relation to product prices and consumer spending;
  2. examining the effect of supply and demand on wages and prices;
  3. describing the steps in making a purchase decision, including the roles of marginal benefit and marginal cost;
  4. determining the consequences of conspicuous consumption;
  5. describing common types of contracts and the implications of each;
  6. demonstrating comparison-shopping skills;
  7. maintaining a filing system for personal financial records;
  8. examining the impact of advertising and marketing on consumer demand and decision making in the global marketplace;
  9. accessing reliable financial information from a variety of sources;
  10. explaining consumer rights, responsibilities, remedies, and the importance of consumer vigilance; and
  11. examining precautions for protecting identity and other personal information.