CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

2019/2020 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Veterinary Science I (8088/36 weeks, 140 hours)

NOTE: This course has specific state laws and regulations from a governing medical board or agency. Please contact the Virginia Department of Education, Office of Career and Technical Education prior to implementing this course. All inquires may be sent to cte@doe.virginia.gov.

Tasks/competencies bordered in blue are considered optional when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.

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Demonstrating Personal Qualities and Abilities

  1. Demonstrate creativity and innovation.
  2. Demonstrate critical thinking and problem solving.
  3. Demonstrate initiative and self-direction.
  4. Demonstrate integrity.
  5. Demonstrate work ethic.

Demonstrating Interpersonal Skills

  1. Demonstrate conflict-resolution skills.
  2. Demonstrate listening and speaking skills.
  3. Demonstrate respect for diversity.
  4. Demonstrate customer service skills.
  5. Collaborate with team members.

Demonstrating Professional Competencies

  1. Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
  2. Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
  3. Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
  4. Manage time and resources.
  5. Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
  6. Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
  7. Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
  8. Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
  9. Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
  10. Demonstrate professionalism.
  11. Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
  12. Demonstrate workplace safety.

Examining All Aspects of an Industry

  1. Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
  2. Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
  3. Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
  4. Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
  5. Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
  6. Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
  7. Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
  8. Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.

Addressing Elements of Student Life

  1. Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
  2. Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
  3. Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
  4. Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.

Exploring Work-Based Learning

  1. Identify the types of work-based learning (WBL) opportunities.
  2. Reflect on lessons learned during the WBL experience.
  3. Explore career opportunities related to the WBL experience.
  4. Participate in a WBL experience, when appropriate.

Note: Competencies 39-43 have been added to ensure compliance with federal legislation: National FFA Organization's Federal Charter Amendments Act (Public Law 116-7, https://www.congress.gov/116/plaws/publ7/PLAW-116publ7.pdf). All inquiries may be sent to cte@doe.virginia.gov. Students are provided opportunities for leadership, personal growth, and career success. Instruction is delivered through three major components: classroom/lab instruction, supervised agricultural experience (SAE) program, and student leadership (FFA).

  1. Identify the role of supervised agricultural experiences (SAEs) in agricultural education.
  2. Participate in an SAE.

Exploring Leadership Opportunities through FFA

  1. Identify the benefits and responsibilities of FFA membership.
  2. Describe leadership characteristics and opportunities as they relate to agriculture and FFA.
  3. Apply for an FFA degree and/or an agricultural proficiency award.

Exploring Work-Based Learning

  1. Explore career opportunities in animal health care.
  2. Investigate the different types of work-based learning opportunities.
  3. Develop a plan for a work-based learning project.
  4. Conduct a work-based learning project.
  5. Describe the importance of and opportunities for continuing education in the animal care field.

Demonstrating Professional Conduct

  1. Identify the roles and responsibilities of professionals in the veterinary industry.
  2. Describe the functions of local, state, and national professional organizations in the field of animal care.
  3. Define prominent animal special interest groups.
  4. Explain legal and ethical issues in the veterinary medicine field.
  5. Describe the physical and mental demands and personal coping mechanisms of various animal-care professionals.

Understanding Safety and Sanitation

  1. Follow safety procedures for personal protection in the veterinary medical industry.
  2. Follow laboratory safety procedures.
  3. Identify the importance of safety data sheets (SDS).
  4. Explain the role and regulations of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the Virginia Department of Labor pertaining to veterinary science.
  5. Identify the physical, chemical, biological, and zoonotic hazards associated with the veterinary industry.
  6. Describe chemicals, including cleansers, disinfectants, and antiseptics, commonly used in veterinary practice.
  7. Explain the concept of asepsis in veterinary work.

Understanding Companion Animal Species and Breeds

  1. Explain the origin of each companion animal species.
  2. Identify the colors and other characteristics of breeds within each species.
  3. Identify breeding methods and rearing techniques of young species.
  4. Describe appropriate housing and maintenance of companion animals.
  5. Explain species and/or breed suitability as a companion animal.

Understanding Animal Species and Breeds

  1. Describe behavior patterns of companion animals.
  2. Interpret companion animal behavior.

Handling Animals

  1. Identify unique handling considerations for species/breeds common in the veterinary field.
  2. Identify equipment used for restraining animals.
  3. Demonstrate respect for and safe treatment of classroom animals.
  4. Demonstrate safe and humane restraint and handling methods used for veterinary procedures.
  5. Describe safe and humane transport of an animal.
  6. Lift and carry a dog and cat.
  7. Move a nonaggressive dog and cat into and out of cage.
  8. Identify techniques for handling an aggressive dog and cat.
  9. Muzzle a dog and cat.
  10. Restrain a dog and cat in lateral recumbency.
  11. Describe the use of various types of equipment for restraining a dog and cat.
  12. Describe how to move exotic species into and out of cages.

Performing Skin and Coat Care

  1. Check an animal for fleas.
  2. Explain tick removal and prevention.
  3. Prepare shampoos and creme rinses.
  4. Bathe an animal.
  5. Dry an animal.
  6. Use grooming tools and equipment.
  7. Trim an animal's nails.
  8. Brush and/or demat an animal's coat.
  9. Clean an animal's ears.
  10. Clip an animal's coat with electric clippers.
  11. Perform final comb-out.

Performing Maintenance Functions

  1. Explain how to clean, sanitize, disinfect, and store laundry.
  2. Clean and disinfect sink/tub.
  3. Clean and disinfect small animal quarters.
  4. Perform partial water changes and filter changes on aquariums.
  5. Sanitize animal treatment area.
  6. Clean floors.
  7. Change trash liner.
  8. Describe the various types of disposal methods within a facility.
  9. Dispose of hazardous materials.
  10. Provide appropriate types of bedding.

Understanding Veterinary Medical Terminology

  1. Explain formation of veterinary medical terminology.
  2. Identify basic veterinary medical terms and abbreviations.
  3. Demonstrate use of veterinary medical terminology.
  4. Describe anatomical and directional terminology.

Understanding Anatomy and Physiology

  1. Describe the relationship among cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems.
  2. Explain the anatomy and physiology of the skeletal system.
  3. Explain the anatomy and physiology of the muscular system.
  4. Explain the anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system.
  5. Explain the anatomy and physiology of the digestive system.
  6. Explain the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system.
  7. Explain the anatomy and physiology of the circulatory system.
  8. Explain the anatomy and physiology of the urinary system.
  9. Explain the anatomy and physiology of the reproductive system.
  10. Explain the anatomy and physiology of the integumentary system.
  11. Explore additional body systems.

Understanding Animal Nutrition

  1. Identify the six basic nutrients and their functions in maintaining animal health.
  2. Calculate the maintenance energy requirement (MER) for an animal.
  3. Determine the body condition of an animal.
  4. Determine the nutritional value of animal feeds as they relate to dietary requirements of life stages.
  5. Identify marketing strategies of feed companies.

Performing Clinical Exams

  1. Explain the importance of routine physical exams.
  2. Identify the characteristics of healthy vs. unhealthy animals.
  3. Describe the method of assessing animal health.
  4. Demonstrate the use of diagnostic tools.
  5. Weigh and/or measure animal.
  6. Measure and evaluate vital signs.
  7. Evaluate mucous membranes and capillary refill time (CRT).

Handling Death and Dying

  1. Explain the concept of euthanasia.
  2. Describe situations that may warrant euthanasia.
  3. Describe aspects and accepted procedures and methods of humane euthanasia.
  4. Explain how veterinary personnel can give support and assistance to a grieving client.
  5. Describe accepted methods of handling animal remains.

Performing Office Functions

  1. Maintain veterinary records.
  2. Explain the inventory process for supplies.
  3. Explain equipment maintenance.
  4. Handle telephone calls and other electronic communications.
  5. Schedule an appointment.
  6. Explain procedures for handling monetary transactions in the veterinary business.