# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Biological Applications in Agriculture Task/Competency List

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

The 2019 edition of this course is still available. Click here.

2020/2021 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Biological Applications in Agriculture (8086/36 weeks)

Tasks/competencies bordered in blue are considered optional when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.

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Demonstrating Personal Qualities and Abilities

  1. Demonstrate creativity and innovation.
  2. Demonstrate critical thinking and problem solving.
  3. Demonstrate initiative and self-direction.
  4. Demonstrate integrity.
  5. Demonstrate work ethic.

Demonstrating Interpersonal Skills

  1. Demonstrate conflict-resolution skills.
  2. Demonstrate listening and speaking skills.
  3. Demonstrate respect for diversity.
  4. Demonstrate customer service skills.
  5. Collaborate with team members.

Demonstrating Professional Competencies

  1. Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
  2. Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
  3. Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
  4. Manage time and resources.
  5. Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
  6. Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
  7. Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
  8. Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
  9. Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
  10. Demonstrate professionalism.
  11. Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
  12. Demonstrate workplace safety.

Examining All Aspects of an Industry

  1. Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
  2. Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
  3. Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
  4. Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
  5. Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
  6. Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
  7. Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
  8. Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.

Addressing Elements of Student Life

  1. Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
  2. Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
  3. Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
  4. Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.

Exploring Work-Based Learning

  1. Identify the types of work-based learning (WBL) opportunities.
  2. Reflect on lessons learned during the WBL experience.
  3. Explore career opportunities related to the WBL experience.
  4. Participate in a WBL experience, when appropriate.

Note: Competencies 39-43 have been added to ensure compliance with federal legislation: National FFA Organization's Federal Charter Amendments Act (Public Law 116-7, https://www.congress.gov/116/plaws/publ7/PLAW-116publ7.pdf). All inquiries may be sent to cte@doe.virginia.gov. Students are provided opportunities for leadership, personal growth, and career success. Instruction is delivered through three major components: classroom and laboratory instruction, supervised agricultural experience (SAE) program, and student leadership (FFA).

  1. Identify the role of supervised agricultural experiences (SAEs) in agricultural education.
  2. Participate in an SAE.

Exploring Leadership Opportunities through FFA

  1. Identify the benefits and responsibilities of FFA membership.
  2. Describe leadership characteristics and opportunities as they relate to agriculture and FFA.
  3. Apply for an FFA degree and/or an agricultural proficiency award.

Understanding the Study of Living Things

  1. Describe the relationship between agriculture and biology.
  2. Explain the key steps of the scientific method.
  3. Develop experimental procedures to solve a problem or answer a question.
  4. Demonstrate safe laboratory practices.
  5. Describe the relationship between atoms and molecules.
  6. Describe how organisms are identified and classified.
  7. Identify the role of federal, state, and local regulatory agencies in agriculture.

Understanding Cell Structure and Functions

  1. Describe the cell as the building block of life.
  2. Analyze the differences between plant and animal cells.
  3. Compare prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
  4. Analyze cell components.
  5. Explain how cell structure and function are used to improve agricultural practices.
  6. Explain the cell's surface area to volume ratio.
  7. Explain the process of diffusion.
  8. Explain the process of osmosis.
  9. Explain the concept of homeostasis.
  10. Explain the processes of mitosis and meiosis.

Understanding Basic Genetics

  1. Explain Mendelian principles of inheritance.
  2. Analyze a Punnett square.
  3. Describe the structures and components of DNA molecules.
  4. Describe the function and replication of nucleic acids.
  5. Discuss the process of DNA transfer.
  6. Explain how genetic principles are used in animal and plant breeding.
  7. Explain how hybrid plants and animals are developed.
  8. Describe how genetic modification is used in animal and plant breeding programs.
  9. Identify how technology is used in the selection of breeding animals and plants.
  10. Explain the role of genetic mutations in animal and plant breeding.

Exploring Principles of Genetic Engineering

  1. Explain the principles of genetic engineering.
  2. Describe how genetic engineering is used in agriculture.
  3. Compare genetic engineering and genetic modification in agriculture, food, and natural resources (AFNR).
  4. Identify emerging trends in genetic engineering.
  5. Analyze ethical issues related to genetic engineering.
  6. Summarize the laws affecting genetically altered organisms.
  7. Explain safety procedures and policies related to genetic engineering and the laboratory.

Understanding Basic Plant Structures, Functions, and Nutrition

  1. Explain the life-sustaining processes by which all plants grow and develop.
  2. Describe factors that affect plant growth.
  3. Describe the movement of minerals, water, and nutrients in plants.
  4. Describe the methods plants use to store food.
  5. Explain how plants protect themselves from diseases, insects, and predators.
  6. Compare the primary methods of asexual reproduction.
  7. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of soilless plant production.

Understanding Fundamentals of Animal Nutrition

  1. Describe the anatomy and physiology of domestic animals.
  2. Explain the four major classes of macromolecules.
  3. Explain nutrition requirements for animals.
  4. Calculate the amount of feed needed based on energy requirements.
  5. Describe the roles of non-nutritive factors in feed.
  6. Identify toxic substances that can harm animals.
  7. Calculate the feed conversion ratio (FCR).

Understanding Principles of Animal Health

  1. Evaluate overall health or homeostasis for a domestic animal species.
  2. Define terms associated with disease conditions.
  3. Define terms associated with severity of disease or condition.
  4. Compare treatment methods.
  5. Explain disease resistance.
  6. Outline best management practices (BMP) for preventing disease outbreaks in a domestic animal species.

Understanding Principles of Water and Soil Quality

  1. Define terms related to water quality management.
  2. Explain factors that affect dissolved oxygen concentrations in water.
  3. Explain how turbidity affects water quality.
  4. Identify BMP for water management.
  5. Explain how water quality affects aquatic life.
  6. Conduct a water analysis.
  7. Analyze key issues related to water quality and agriculture.
  8. Identify the components of a soil profile used in nutrient management.
  9. Identify the particles that make up the structure of soil.
  10. Explain the purpose of testing soil fertility.
  11. Conduct a soil test.