# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Equine Science Task/Competency List

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

2019/2020 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Equine Science (8080/36 weeks)

Tasks/competencies bordered in blue are considered optional when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.

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Demonstrating Personal Qualities and Abilities

  1. Demonstrate creativity and innovation.
  2. Demonstrate critical thinking and problem solving.
  3. Demonstrate initiative and self-direction.
  4. Demonstrate integrity.
  5. Demonstrate work ethic.

Demonstrating Interpersonal Skills

  1. Demonstrate conflict-resolution skills.
  2. Demonstrate listening and speaking skills.
  3. Demonstrate respect for diversity.
  4. Demonstrate customer service skills.
  5. Collaborate with team members.

Demonstrating Professional Competencies

  1. Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
  2. Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
  3. Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
  4. Manage time and resources.
  5. Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
  6. Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
  7. Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
  8. Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
  9. Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
  10. Demonstrate professionalism.
  11. Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
  12. Demonstrate workplace safety.

Examining All Aspects of an Industry

  1. Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
  2. Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
  3. Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
  4. Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
  5. Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
  6. Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
  7. Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
  8. Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.

Addressing Elements of Student Life

  1. Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
  2. Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
  3. Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
  4. Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.

Exploring Work-Based Learning

  1. Identify the types of work-based learning (WBL) opportunities.
  2. Reflect on lessons learned during the WBL experience.
  3. Explore career opportunities related to the WBL experience.
  4. Participate in a WBL experience, when appropriate.

Note: Competencies 39-43 have been added to ensure compliance with federal legislation: National FFA Organization's Federal Charter Amendments Act (Public Law 116-7, https://www.congress.gov/116/plaws/publ7/PLAW-116publ7.pdf). All inquiries may be sent to cte@doe.virginia.gov. Students are provided opportunities for leadership, personal growth, and career success. Instruction is delivered through three major components: classroom/lab instruction, supervised agricultural experience (SAE) program, and student leadership (FFA).

  1. Identify the role of supervised agricultural experiences (SAEs) in agricultural education.
  2. Participate in an SAE.

Exploring Leadership Opportunities through FFA

  1. Identify the benefits and responsibilities of FFA membership.
  2. Describe leadership characteristics and opportunities as they relate to agriculture and FFA.
  3. Apply for an FFA degree and/or an agricultural proficiency award.

Understanding Basic Equine History and Terminology

  1. Define terms associated with equine science.
  2. Describe the evolutionary history and development of horses.
  3. Describe the major types, breeds, and classes of horses.
  4. List job opportunities in the equine industry.
  5. Describe the uses of equids.
  6. Identify parts of the horse.
  7. Identify markings and colors of the horse.
  8. Identify the natural gaits and movements of horses.

Identifying Tack

  1. Identify common items of tack and equipment.
  2. Identify the parts of a halter and their purposes.
  3. Identify the types of bridles and the purpose of each.
  4. Identify the types of bits and the purpose of each.
  5. Identify the parts of Western and English saddles.
  6. Identify artificial riding aids and the purpose of each.

Understanding Handling and Grooming Practices

  1. Identify safety factors when handling a horse.
  2. Describe how to halter a horse.
  3. Describe the process for tying a horse.
  4. Describe how to groom a horse.
  5. Differentiate among strategies for handling horses of different ages.
  6. Differentiate among categories of horse behavior.
  7. Identify approaches to ground training a horse.

Understanding Body Systems and Internal Anatomy

  1. Identify the parts and functions of the digestive system.
  2. Identify the parts and functions of the circulatory system.
  3. Identify the parts and functions of the respiratory system.
  4. Identify the parts and functions of the nervous system.
  5. Identify the parts and functions of the renal and urinary systems.
  6. Identify the parts and functions of the skeletal system.
  7. Identify the parts and functions of the muscular system.
  8. Explain the endocrine, exocrine, immune, and integumentary systems.

Understanding Equine Genetics and Reproduction

  1. Define terms associated with equine reproduction.
  2. Explore the fundamentals of equine reproductive technology.
  3. Explain the physiology of the reproductive systems of a stallion and mare.
  4. Explain the estrous cycle and its effect on breeding.
  5. Explain proper care during pregnancy and parturition.
  6. Explain the fundamentals of genetics, heritability, and performance traits.

Maintaining Health and Preventing Disease

  1. Identify the basic nutritional requirements of a horse.
  2. List the essential components for maintaining an equine healthcare program.
  3. Identify the characteristics of a healthy, sick, and injured horse.
  4. Define terms associated with horse health and disease prevention.
  5. Describe equine diseases.

Controlling Parasites

  1. Define terms associated with parasites and parasite control.
  2. Identify internal and external parasites that commonly affect horses.
  3. Explain methods used to control internal and external parasites.

Understanding the Fundamentals of Foot Care

  1. Describe the basics of hoof care.
  2. Identify internal and external parts of the hoof.
  3. Explain the relationships among the parts of the hoof.
  4. List the components of a hoof-care program.
  5. Identify factors that cause unsoundness.
  6. Describe methods for detecting lameness.
  7. Identify basic farrier tools and their functions.
  8. Identify conformation defects of the front and hind legs.

Understanding Horse Nutrition

  1. Define terms associated with practical horse nutrition.
  2. Assess the condition of a horse using body scoring.
  3. Explain the classes of nutrients and their purposes.
  4. Describe factors that affect nutrient delivery.
  5. Describe equine nutritional disorders.
  6. Explain how to formulate a balanced ration for an individual horse.

Selecting and Marketing the Horse

  1. Define terms associated with selecting and marketing a horse.
  2. List general considerations in selecting a horse.
  3. Calculate a horse’s height and weight.
  4. Determine the age of a horse by the appearance and description of its teeth.
  5. Explain the process for marketing a horse.

Judging the Horse

  1. Explain the purpose of judging horses.
  2. Identify equine conformation characteristics.
  3. Describe factors to consider in judging halter and performance classes.
  4. Describe characteristics of a horse's anatomy.
  5. Explain the system of examination and characteristics for judging.
  6. Identify common unsoundness and blemishes of horses.
  7. Prepare oral reasons.
  8. Present oral reasons.

Managing the Stable

  1. Define terms associated with facilities and stable management.
  2. Explain herd management.
  3. Identify the methods of pasture management.
  4. Identify items to consider when planning equine facilities.
  5. List the factors to consider in providing proper stable management.
  6. List the types of horse bedding.
  7. List the types of horse fencing and shelter.
  8. Describe methods for storing tack.
  9. Define terms associated with transporting a horse.
  10. Describe methods and procedures for transporting horses.