# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Operating the Farm Business Task/Competency List

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

The 2019 edition of this course is still available. Click here.

2020/2021 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Operating the Farm Business (8014/36 weeks)

Tasks/competencies bordered in blue are considered optional when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.

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Demonstrating Personal Qualities and Abilities

  1. Demonstrate creativity and innovation.
  2. Demonstrate critical thinking and problem solving.
  3. Demonstrate initiative and self-direction.
  4. Demonstrate integrity.
  5. Demonstrate work ethic.

Demonstrating Interpersonal Skills

  1. Demonstrate conflict-resolution skills.
  2. Demonstrate listening and speaking skills.
  3. Demonstrate respect for diversity.
  4. Demonstrate customer service skills.
  5. Collaborate with team members.

Demonstrating Professional Competencies

  1. Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
  2. Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
  3. Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
  4. Manage time and resources.
  5. Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
  6. Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
  7. Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
  8. Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
  9. Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
  10. Demonstrate professionalism.
  11. Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
  12. Demonstrate workplace safety.

Examining All Aspects of an Industry

  1. Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
  2. Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
  3. Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
  4. Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
  5. Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
  6. Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
  7. Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
  8. Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.

Addressing Elements of Student Life

  1. Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
  2. Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
  3. Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
  4. Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.

Exploring Work-Based Learning

  1. Identify the types of work-based learning (WBL) opportunities.
  2. Reflect on lessons learned during the WBL experience.
  3. Explore career opportunities related to the WBL experience.
  4. Participate in a WBL experience, when appropriate.

Note: Competencies 39-43 have been added to ensure compliance with federal legislation: National FFA Organization's Federal Charter Amendments Act (Public Law 116-7, https://www.congress.gov/116/plaws/publ7/PLAW-116publ7.pdf). All inquiries may be sent to cte@doe.virginia.gov. Students are provided opportunities for leadership, personal growth, and career success. Instruction is delivered through three major components: classroom and laboratory instruction, supervised agricultural experience (SAE) program, and student leadership (FFA).

  1. Identify the role of supervised agricultural experiences (SAEs) in agricultural education.
  2. Participate in an SAE.

Exploring Leadership Opportunities through FFA

  1. Identify the benefits and responsibilities of FFA membership.
  2. Describe leadership characteristics and opportunities as they relate to agriculture and FFA.
  3. Apply for an FFA degree and/or an agricultural proficiency award.

Applying Economic Principles Specific to Agricultural Production

  1. Apply supply and demand analysis to a product, commodity, or service for an agriculture, food, and natural resources (AFNR) business.
  2. Explain opportunity cost in production agriculture.
  3. Explain the relationships between inputs and outputs.

Operating an Agricultural Business

  1. Identify ethical standards and best management practices (BMP) for an agricultural business.
  2. Identify the procedures, licenses, permits, regulations, and laws related to starting a business.
  3. Develop a business plan for an agricultural production enterprise.
  4. Evaluate how to recruit, train, and retain employees.
  5. Discuss an expansion plan.
  6. Describe the need for estate planning.
  7. Identify the elements required to form a legally binding contract for services.
  8. Develop a risk-management plan for an agricultural production enterprise.
  9. Identify the components of a farm rent/lease agreement.

Using Plant and Environmental Science in Agricultural Production

  1. Develop a sample nutrient management plan (NMP).
  2. Determine the inputs needed to grow a crop.
  3. Describe how an AFNR business can minimize waste, maximize efficiency, and increase profits.
  4. Develop a crop rotation plan.
  5. Analyze the use of conservation tillage practices and erosion control systems.
  6. Interpret various agencies’ soil conservation program requirements.
  7. Explain the importance of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA).
  8. Explain Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) and Good Handling Practices (GHP).

Producing Livestock

  1. Describe veterinary practices performed by a livestock owner/manager.
  2. Develop a healthcare plan for a livestock production enterprise.
  3. Develop a biosecurity plan.
  4. Describe livestock waste management systems.

Managing Natural Resources

  1. Develop a conservation plan.
  2. Identify elements for maintenance of a wildlife habitat.
  3. Develop plans for a hunting/fishing enterprise.
  4. Explain multiple functions of farm ponds.

Managing a Forest Enterprise

  1. Identify agroforestry management practices to create environmental, economic, and social benefits.
  2. Identify silviculture practices for forest crop improvement.
  3. Identify planting and harvesting techniques.
  4. Identify regeneration methods necessary for the continuous growth of trees.
  5. Design plans to establish forest roads.
  6. Identify conditions needed to harvest trees for optimal profit.
  7. Develop a forest fire prevention plan.

Understanding Pesticide Use and Safety

  1. Describe use of pesticides. (Students should not use any pesticides)
  2. Identify technologies used in pesticide application.
  3. Obtain pesticide applicator certification.
  4. Calibrate a sprayer.

Practicing Safety in Agricultural Production Enterprises

  1. Identify marked safety areas.
  2. Identify the location and use of eye wash stations.
  3. Identify the location of the posted evacuation routes.
  4. Demonstrate knowledge of safety data sheets (SDS).
  5. Demonstrate the use of chemicals.
  6. Demonstrate the use of standard and metric hand tools.
  7. Demonstrate the use of power tools.
  8. Demonstrate the use of precision standard and metric measuring tools.
  9. Demonstrate the use of protective clothing and equipment.
  10. Demonstrate the use of fire protection equipment.
  11. Demonstrate the use of equipment.
  12. Demonstrate safety in the agricultural mechanics lab/workshop.
  13. Identify general safety procedures for the operation of farm equipment.

Using Mechanics in Agriculture

  1. Select farm machinery and equipment.
  2. Identify farm structures and uses.
  3. Identify steps in constructing a farm building.
  4. Construct a farm building using carpentry tools and equipment.
  5. Use metal fabrication tools and/or equipment.

Diversifying Agricultural Enterprises

  1. Research agricultural diversification practices that generate additional sources of farm income.
  2. Research marketing opportunities.
  3. Examine alternative or niche market opportunities.
  4. Develop a plan for an agritourism operation.
  5. Identify AFNR business structures.
  6. Explain agricultural literacy and its relationship to public perceptions.

Developing and Analyzing Agricultural Production Records

  1. Develop financial, marketing, and risk management plans for the farm business.
  2. Develop an enterprise budget for an agricultural production business.
  3. Examine strategies for tracking, reporting, and managing inventory.
  4. Reconcile a bank statement.
  5. Analyze a paystub.
  6. Complete a sample state and federal income tax form.
  7. Construct a complete income statement using cost and accrual basis.
  8. Identify the difference between real depreciation and income tax depreciation.
  9. Calculate the financial health of a farm business.

Exploring Technology Used in AFNR Enterprises

  1. Research monitoring and sensing technologies used in agricultural enterprises.
  2. Identify apps used in agricultural businesses.
  3. Explore careers related to agricultural technology.