# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Introduction to Plant Systems Task/Competency List

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

The 2019 edition of this course is still available. Click here.

2020/2021 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Introduction to Plant Systems (8007/36 weeks)

Tasks/competencies bordered in blue are considered optional when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.

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Demonstrating Personal Qualities and Abilities

  1. Demonstrate creativity and innovation.
  2. Demonstrate critical thinking and problem solving.
  3. Demonstrate initiative and self-direction.
  4. Demonstrate integrity.
  5. Demonstrate work ethic.

Demonstrating Interpersonal Skills

  1. Demonstrate conflict-resolution skills.
  2. Demonstrate listening and speaking skills.
  3. Demonstrate respect for diversity.
  4. Demonstrate customer service skills.
  5. Collaborate with team members.

Demonstrating Professional Competencies

  1. Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
  2. Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
  3. Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
  4. Manage time and resources.
  5. Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
  6. Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
  7. Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
  8. Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
  9. Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
  10. Demonstrate professionalism.
  11. Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
  12. Demonstrate workplace safety.

Examining All Aspects of an Industry

  1. Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
  2. Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
  3. Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
  4. Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
  5. Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
  6. Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
  7. Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
  8. Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.

Addressing Elements of Student Life

  1. Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
  2. Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
  3. Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
  4. Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.

Exploring Work-Based Learning

  1. Identify the types of work-based learning (WBL) opportunities.
  2. Reflect on lessons learned during the WBL experience.
  3. Explore career opportunities related to the WBL experience.
  4. Participate in a WBL experience, when appropriate.

Note: Competencies 39-43 have been added to ensure compliance with federal legislation: National FFA Organization's Federal Charter Amendments Act (Public Law 116-7, https://www.congress.gov/116/plaws/publ7/PLAW-116publ7.pdf). All inquiries may be sent to cte@doe.virginia.gov. Students are provided opportunities for leadership, personal growth, and career success. Instruction is delivered through three major components: classroom and laboratory instruction, supervised agricultural experience (SAE) program, and student leadership (FFA).

  1. Identify the role of supervised agricultural experiences (SAEs) in agricultural education.
  2. Participate in an SAE.

Exploring Leadership Opportunities through FFA

  1. Identify the benefits and responsibilities of FFA membership.
  2. Describe leadership characteristics and opportunities as they relate to agriculture and FFA.
  3. Apply for an FFA degree and/or an agricultural proficiency award.

Introducing Botany

  1. Explain the characteristics of plants.
  2. Illustrate the importance of plant systems in relation to humans.
  3. Classify the major divisions of the plant systems.

Evaluating the Environmental Stimuli that Affect Plant Growth and Development

  1. Evaluate the effect of light on plants.
  2. Evaluate the effect of temperature on plants.
  3. Evaluate the effect of water on plants.
  4. Evaluate the effect of carbon dioxide (CO₂), oxygen, and air flow on plants.
  5. Evaluate types and components of greenhouses and plant structures.

Understanding Plant Anatomy and Physiology

  1. Identify major plant parts and their functions.
  2. Explain the life-sustaining processes by which all plants grow and develop.
  3. Explain the process of osmosis.
  4. Describe the life cycles and classifications of plants.

Examining the Method of Sexual Propagation in the Production of Plants

  1. Examine the advantages and disadvantages of sexual propagation in the production of new plants.
  2. Describe how to collect seeds from different types of plants.
  3. Explain how new plant varieties can be bred/hybridized.
  4. Plant seeds using various methods.
  5. Analyze scarification and stratification methods that aid in the propagation process.
  6. Describe the germination process.
  7. Calculate the germination rates of seeds.
  8. Demonstrate how to transplant seedlings.

Demonstrating the Method of Asexual Propagation in the Production of Plants

  1. Examine the advantages and disadvantages of asexual propagation in the production of plants.
  2. Demonstrate how to produce plants through cuttings.
  3. Demonstrate how to produce plants by layering.
  4. Demonstrate how to produce plants through division and separation.
  5. Describe grafting and budding techniques for woody and herbaceous plants.
  6. Describe how to produce plants through micropropagation.
  7. Evaluate the cultural practices for vegetable crops grown in a greenhouse.

Managing Plants with Growing Media

  1. Evaluate the physical properties of soil and growing media.
  2. Amend growing media for plant growth.
  3. Collect a soil sample for evaluation.
  4. Analyze soil sample for nutrients and pH.
  5. Describe hydroponic plant production.

Investigating the Main Principles of Using Nutrients and Fertilizers with Plants

  1. Evaluate the effects of macronutrients on plant production.
  2. Evaluate plants for nutrient deficiencies.
  3. Describe fertilizer application methods.

Using Basic Scientific Skills and Principles in Pest Management with Plants

  1. Classify the common types of insects that affect plant growth in Virginia.
  2. Classify the common types of diseases that affect plant growth in Virginia.
  3. Classify the common types of weeds that affect plant growth in Virginia.
  4. Classify types of animal pests that affect plant growth in Virginia.
  5. Explain controls of plant pests.
  6. Interpret the information on a pesticide label.
  7. Identify the application of different types of pesticides.

Using Basic Scientific Skills and Principles in Plant Selection

  1. Identify USDA plant hardiness zones and how the different zones affect plant selection.
  2. Explain the importance of plant taxonomy.
  3. Evaluate the common tree species of Virginia.
  4. Evaluate the common species of agronomic plants grown in Virginia.
  5. Evaluate the common species of fruits and vegetables grown in Virginia.
  6. Evaluate the common species of nursery and landscape horticulture plants grown in Virginia.
  7. Evaluate the common species of turfgrasses grown in Virginia.
  8. Evaluate the common species of floriculture crops grown in Virginia.

Incorporating Mechanical Skills as Related to the Plant Systems Pathway

  1. Demonstrate safety procedures in various areas associated with agricultural mechanics in plant systems.
  2. Demonstrate equipment safety and operation as they relate to the Plant Systems pathway.
  3. Demonstrate standard measurement techniques in plant systems.
  4. Demonstrate drawing for agricultural mechanics as it relates to the Plant Systems pathway.
  5. Examine metalworking operations as they relate to the Plant Systems pathway.
  6. Examine woodworking operations as they relate to the Plant Systems pathway.
  7. Examine electrical operations as they relate to the Plant Systems pathway.
  8. Examine small-engine operations as they relate to the Plant Systems pathway.
  9. Examine plumbing operations as they relate to the Plant Systems pathway.