Describe the life processes of plants.
Description should include
- explanation of plant growth requirements (e.g., macro- and micro-nutrients, growing media, water, light, air)
- explanation of the process of photosynthesis using the formula for photosynthesis
- explanation of the process of respiration using the formula for respiration
- explanation of the process of transpiration.
- How do plants bring value to people?
- What is the difference between photosynthesis and respiration?
- What macronutrients are essential for optimal plant growth?
- How does growing media affect plant growth?
Related Standards of Learning
The student will read and demonstrate comprehension of a variety of nonfiction texts.
- Skim materials using text features including type, headings, and graphics to predict and categorize information.
- Identify an author’s organizational pattern using textual clues, such as transitional words and phrases.
- Make inferences and draw logical conclusions using explicit and implied textual evidence.
- Differentiate between fact and opinion.
- Identify the source, viewpoint, and purpose of texts.
- Describe how word choice and language structure convey an author’s viewpoint.
- Identify the main idea.
- Summarize text identifying supporting details.
- Create an objective summary including main idea and supporting details.
- Identify cause and effect relationships.
- Organize and synthesize information for use in written and other formats.
- Analyze ideas within and between selections providing textual evidence.
- Use reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.
The student will write in a variety of forms to include narrative, expository, persuasive, and reflective with an emphasis on expository and persuasive writing.
- Engage in writing as a recursive process.
- Choose intended audience and purpose.
- Use a variety of prewriting strategies to generate and organize ideas.
- Organize writing structure to fit form or topic.
- Establish a central idea incorporating evidence, while maintaining an organized structure and a formal style.
- Compose a thesis statement for persuasive writing that includes a position.
- Clearly state a position and organize reasons and evidence, using credible sources.
- Distinguish between fact and opinion to support a position.
- Write multiparagraph compositions with elaboration and unity.
- Use transition words and phrases within and between paragraphs.
- Develop and modify the central idea, tone, and voice to fit the audience and purpose.
- Expand and embed ideas by using modifiers, standard coordination, and subordination in complete sentences.
- Use clauses and phrases for sentence variety.
- Revise writing for clarity of content including specific vocabulary and information.
The student will investigate and understand the basic physical and chemical processes of photosynthesis and its importance to plant and animal life. Key concepts include
- energy transfer between sunlight and chlorophyll;
- transformation of water and carbon dioxide into sugar and oxygen; and
- photosynthesis as the foundation of virtually all food webs.