Explore water quality.
Exploration should include
- identification of sources of water
- definition of watershed
- examination of a watershed
- identification of methods to maintain water quality.
- What are the measures you take to conserve water?
- How might you influence others to conserve water?
- How do your local officials address water conservation?
- What are common sources of water pollution?
Related Standards of Learning
- Identify word origins and derivations.
- Use roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms to expand vocabulary.
- Identify and analyze the construction and impact of figurative language.
- Identify connotations.
- Use context and sentence structure to determine meanings and differentiate among multiple meanings of words.
- Use word-reference materials to determine meanings and etymology.
- Extend general and cross-curricular vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.
- Skim materials using text features including type, headings, and graphics to predict and categorize information.
- Identify an author’s organizational pattern using textual clues, such as transitional words and phrases.
- Make inferences and draw logical conclusions using explicit and implied textual evidence.
- Differentiate between fact and opinion.
- Identify the source, viewpoint, and purpose of texts.
- Describe how word choice and language structure convey an author’s viewpoint.
- Identify the main idea.
- Summarize text identifying supporting details.
- Create an objective summary including main idea and supporting details.
- Identify cause and effect relationships.
- Organize and synthesize information for use in written and other formats.
- Analyze ideas within and between selections providing textual evidence.
- Use reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.
- Choose appropriate adjectives and adverbs to enhance writing.
- Use pronoun-antecedent agreement to include indefinite pronouns.
- Use subject-verb agreement with intervening phrases and clauses.
- Edit for verb tense consistency and point of view.
- Use quotation marks with dialogue and direct quotations.
- Use correct spelling for commonly used words.
History and Social Science
The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by
- synthesizing evidence from artifacts and primary and secondary sources to obtain information about the world’s countries, cities, and environments;
- using geographic information to determine patterns and trends to understand world regions;
- creating, comparing, and interpreting maps, charts, graphs, and pictures to determine characteristics of world regions;
- evaluating sources for accuracy, credibility, bias, and propaganda;
- using maps and other visual images to compare and contrast historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives;
- explaining indirect cause-and-effect relationships to understand geospatial connections;
- analyzing multiple connections across time and place;
- using a decision-making model to analyze and explain the incentives for and consequences of a specific choice made;
- identifying the rights and responsibilities of citizenship and the ethical use of material or intellectual property; and
- investigating and researching to develop products orally and in writing.
The student will analyze how physical and ecological processes shape Earth’s surface by
- explaining regional climatic patterns and weather phenomena and their effects on people and places;
- describing how humans influence the environment and are influenced by it; and
- explaining how technology affects one's ability to modify the environment and adapt to it.
The student will analyze the characteristics of the European region by
- identifying and analyzing the location of major geographic regions and major cities on maps and globes;
- describing major physical and environmental features;
- explaining important economic characteristics; and
- recognizing cultural influences and landscapes.
- processes of soil development;
- development of karst topography;
- relationships between groundwater zones, including saturated and unsaturated zones, and the water table;
- identification of sources of fresh water, including rivers, springs, and aquifers, with reference to the hydrologic cycle;
- dependence on freshwater resources and the effects of human usage on water quality; and
- identification of the major watershed systems in Virginia, including the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries.