Explain factors affecting soil erosion.
Identification should include
- definition of the terms soil and soil erosion
- identification of the factors affecting soil erosion
- identification of the four main types of soil erosion.
- How does the average American contribute to soil erosion?
- What farming practices contribute to soil erosion?
Related Standards of Learning
The student will read and determine the meanings of unfamiliar words and phrases within authentic texts.
- Identify word origins and derivations.
- Use roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms to expand vocabulary.
- Identify and analyze the construction and impact of figurative language.
- Identify connotations.
- Use context and sentence structure to determine meanings and differentiate among multiple meanings of words.
- Use word-reference materials to determine meanings and etymology.
- Extend general and cross-curricular vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.
The student will read and demonstrate comprehension of a variety of nonfiction texts.
- Skim materials using text features including type, headings, and graphics to predict and categorize information.
- Identify an author’s organizational pattern using textual clues, such as transitional words and phrases.
- Make inferences and draw logical conclusions using explicit and implied textual evidence.
- Differentiate between fact and opinion.
- Identify the source, viewpoint, and purpose of texts.
- Describe how word choice and language structure convey an author’s viewpoint.
- Identify the main idea.
- Summarize text identifying supporting details.
- Create an objective summary including main idea and supporting details.
- Identify cause and effect relationships.
- Organize and synthesize information for use in written and other formats.
- Analyze ideas within and between selections providing textual evidence.
- Use reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.
The student will investigate and understand how freshwater resources are influenced by geologic processes and the activities of humans. Key concepts include
- processes of soil development;
- development of karst topography;
- relationships between groundwater zones, including saturated and unsaturated zones, and the water table;
- identification of sources of fresh water, including rivers, springs, and aquifers, with reference to the hydrologic cycle;
- dependence on freshwater resources and the effects of human usage on water quality; and
- identification of the major watershed systems in Virginia, including the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries.