Identify the various levels of the court system.
DefinitionIdentification should include local, state, federal, and appellate courts for their jurisdictions.
Related Standards of Learning
History and Social Science
The student will apply social science skills to understand the federal judiciary by
- describing the organization, jurisdiction, and proceedings of federal courts;
- evaluating how the Marshall Court established the Supreme Court as an independent branch of government through its opinion in Marbury v. Madison;
- describing how the Supreme Court decides cases;
- comparing the philosophies of judicial activism and judicial restraint; and
- investigating and evaluating how the judiciary influences public policy by delineating the power of government and safeguarding the rights of the individual.
The student will apply social science skills to understand civil liberties and civil rights by
- examining the Bill of Rights, with emphasis on First Amendment freedoms;
- analyzing due process of law expressed in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments;
- explaining how the Supreme Court has applied most of the protections of the Bill of Rights to the states through a process of selective incorporation;
- investigating and evaluating the balance between individual liberties and the public interest; and
- examining how civil liberties and civil rights are protected under the law.
Other Related Standards
Common Career Technical Core
Analyze the nature and scope of the Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security Career Cluster and the role law, public safety, corrections and security play in society and the economy.