Identify key court personnel.
DefinitionIdentification should include, but not be limited to
- commonwealth’s attorney
- clerk of the court
- court reporter
- legal secretary/legal assistant
Related Standards of Learning
History and Social Science
The student will apply social science skills to understand the organization and powers of the state and local governments described in the Constitution of Virginia by
- examining the legislative, executive, and judicial branches;
- examining the structure and powers of local governments (county, city, and town);
- analyzing the relationship between state and local governments and the roles of regional authorities, governing boards, and commissions;
- investigating and explaining the ways individuals and groups exert influence on state and local governments; and
- evaluating the effectiveness of citizen efforts to influence decisions of state and local governments by examining historical or contemporary events.
The student will apply social science skills to understand the federal judiciary by
- describing the organization, jurisdiction, and proceedings of federal courts;
- evaluating how the Marshall Court established the Supreme Court as an independent branch of government through its opinion in Marbury v. Madison;
- describing how the Supreme Court decides cases;
- comparing the philosophies of judicial activism and judicial restraint; and
- investigating and evaluating how the judiciary influences public policy by delineating the power of government and safeguarding the rights of the individual.
The student will apply social science skills to understand civil liberties and civil rights by
- examining the Bill of Rights, with emphasis on First Amendment freedoms;
- analyzing due process of law expressed in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments;
- explaining how the Supreme Court has applied most of the protections of the Bill of Rights to the states through a process of selective incorporation;
- investigating and evaluating the balance between individual liberties and the public interest; and
- examining how civil liberties and civil rights are protected under the law.