# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Information Technology Fundamentals Related NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

Related NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology

NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology

NBEA (National Business Education Association) standards have been correlated to ensure that students and adults are afforded equal access to fundamental business knowledge and skills and, therefore, an equal opportunity for success in life" (National Standards for Business Education, NBEA, 2007).

Adhere to privacy, safety and security policies and legislation (e.g., acceptable use policy, Web page policies, student photo policies, computer crime, fraud, abuse).


Analyze and compare society's influence on information technology and information technology's influence on society.


Analyze cost benefit and life cycle of hardware.


Analyze how developments in information technology affect the supply/demand characteristics of the job market.


Analyze how human ingenuity and technology satisfy specific human needs.


Analyze legal and ethical dilemmas within the framework of current laws and legislation (e.g., virus development, hacking, threats, phishing).


Analyze multimedia delivery tools and their impact on business functions.


Analyze security, privacy, and risk management dilemmas.


Analyze the effectiveness of online information resources to support collaborative tasks, research, publications, communications, and increased productivity.


Analyze the potential societal effect of widespread reliance on information technology.


Analyze web server solutions and platforms.


Apply design principles to programming tasks.


Apply ergonomic techniques to information technology tasks to avoid injury.


Assess how information technology changes the manner in which training is offered and implemented.


Assess the impact of information technology in a global society.


Choose the appropriate language or application development tool for specific tasks.


Code a program solution in more than one programming language.


Code common tasks (e.g., creating, adding, deleting, sorting, and updating records).


Compare and contrast possible technology solutions for an organization.


Compare and contrast productivity software features from different providers.


Compare and contrast the features of web development software.


Compare and contrast the functions, features, and limitations of different operating systems and utilities (e.g., open source, mobile, and proprietary operating systems).


Compare and contrast various storage options (e.g., local, removable, remote).


Connect needed peripheral devices.


Connect web servers to application servers for interoperability.


Create a project to solve a business problem integrating mobile platforms.


Create multimedia content and prepare it for delivery (e.g., compression, resolution).


Create multimedia projects collaboratively.


Demonstrate legal and ethical behaviors when using information technologies.


Demonstrate the ability to code using object-oriented programming.


Demonstrate the transferability of skills between productivity software applications.


Describe and use various Internet protocols.


Describe current and emerging hardware; configure, install, and upgrade hardware; diagnose problems; and repair hardware.


Describe education, experience, skills and personal requirements for careers in information technology.


Describe emerging operating systems.


Describe features of operating systems that can be personalized.


Describe how information technology affects worker-management relationships.


Describe how information technology changes social mores, including approaches toward work, family, school, and other cultures.


Describe how information technology creates greater interdependence among workers, organizations, and nations.


Describe interrelationships between hardware components and supportive software.


Describe server functions, including specialized servers (e.g., Web, DHCP, DNS, mail, proxy servers), and identify hardware and software requirements, such as RAID.


Describe server virtualization and its impact on organizations.


Describe the impact of technological change on information technology positions and the resulting need for lifelong learning and retraining.


Describe the impact of technology on the knowledge and skills needed for success in the workplace.


Describe various types of operating systems and utilities.


Describe, analyze, develop, and follow policies for managing ethical and legal issues in organizations and in a technology-based society.


Design and create web pages incorporating various types of media (e.g., text, image, video, and audio).


Design and create websites incorporating navigation and linking.


Design and implement a security plan for an information system, including communications systems.


Design and implement security, privacy, and risk management policies and procedures for information technology.


Design hardware and software network security solutions (e.g., VPN, SSL, firewall).


Design, develop, test, and implement programs.


Design, develop, test, implement, update, and evaluate web solutions.


Develop and implement data retention and destruction schedules.


Develop and implement disaster prevention and recovery policies and procedures.


Develop both procedural and object-oriented programs.


Diagnose and repair installation and operational problems of operating systems and utilities.


Differentiate between source and object code.


Discuss basic issues related to responsible use of technology and describe personal or legal consequences of inappropriate use.


Discuss the impact of information technology on all careers.


Distinguish among network environments (e.g., peer-to-peer, client-server, thin client, n-tier, Internetworks, intranets, extranets).


Evaluate hardware device options to make sound consumer decisions.


Evaluate hardware vendors, warranties, and purchasing options.


Evaluate the effectiveness of software to solve specific problems.


Evaluate, select, and deploy a variety of network architectures and protocols.


Evalute the cause and effect of technological solutions on society.


Explain how information technologies meet human needs and affects quality of life.


Explain how information technology has contributed to worker productivity and teamwork.


Explain the consequences of illegal and unethical use of information technologies (e.g., piracy; illegal downloading; licensing infringement; inappropriate use of software, hardware, and mobile devices).


Explain the purpose, operation, and care of hardware components.


Explain the risks and dangers of sharing personal information.


Explore emerging multimedia software.


Explore emerging productivity software.


Gather, evaluate, use, cite, and disseminate information from technology sources.


Identify and define object-oriented programming terminology.


Identify and evaluate how information technology developments changes the way humans do their work.


Identify and explain programming structures.


Identify and select appropriate multimedia file formats and properties (e.g., plug-ins, codecs, compression).


Identify and select controls for personnel, facilities, data, communications systems, and applications appropriate to specific risks.


Identify and use basic networking resources.


Identify components and characteristics of public networks (e.g., public telephone, cable, satellite, wireless) and their functions.


Identify components of hardware.


Identify examples of emerging hardware technologies.


Identify hardware devices appropriate for specific tasks.


Identify positions and career paths in the field of information technology and explore careers in information technology (e.g., field trips, guest speakers, job shadowing).


Identify productivity software appropriate for specific tasks.


Identify risks to personnel, facilities, data, communications systems, and applications.


Identify the benefits of industry certifications and higher education pathways for various information technology fields.


Identify the impact of information technologies on the environment and society—both positive and negative (e.g., alternative fuel, disposal of information technology resources, GPS, electronic voting machines).



Identify the information technology solutions to meet organization needs.


Identify uses of information technology in the home, school, workplace, and global society.


Identify, analyze, and evaluate emerging communications technologies for use in organizations.


Identify, evaluate, and select software specific to an organizational function and/or industry.


Identify, evaluate, select, install, use, upgrade, and customize productivity software; diagnose and solve software problems.


Identify, evaluate, select, install, use, upgrade, customize, and diagnose and solve problems with various types of operating systems and utilities.


Illustrate how information technology changes organization structures.


Implement configuration management routines (e.g., service releases, back ups, system imaging).


Implement controls to prevent loss of integrity of data and other information resources.


Implement organization policies and procedures dealing with legal and ethical issues.


Implement organizational policies and procedures for security, privacy, and risk management.


Implement procedures used to recover information from failures and security breaches (e.g., malware, viral infection).


Install and configure web development software and plug-ins.


Install and customize operating systems and utilities.


Manage files and folders.


Navigate the basic operating system.


Obtain software industry certification(s) needed for a chosen career path.


Plan, set up, and configure a web server.


Prepare projects that include a variety of media (e.g., images, text, video, and audio).


Publish files on local and remote systems.


Recognize the impact of the convergence of telephony, data, and video communications on networks.


Remove, upgrade, store, and install computer hardware and supportive software.


Repair computer hardware and solve supportive software problems.


Research and analyze hosting and domain name solutions.


Select and apply multimedia software appropriate for specific tasks.


Select and integrate multimedia software products appropriate for various computer platforms.


Select operating systems and utilities appropriate for specific hardware, software, and tasks.


Test, debug, and document code.


Test, implement, and evaluate the website.


Troubleshoot advanced hardware and supportive software problems.


Troubleshoot advanced server and site dilemmas.


Use a wide variety of information technology resources to retrieve information.


Use advanced features of productivity software.


Use mathematical and/or statistical methods to manipulate data into useful information.


Use multimedia software to create media rich projects.


Use multimedia software to create projects to enhance academic achievement across the curriculum.


Use productivity software to create documents, research topics and take notes, categorize data, and perform calculations to improve academic achievement across the curriculum.


Use search procedures appropriate to type of information, nature of source, and nature of query.


Use the collaborative features of productivity software to accomplish organizational tasks.