# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Information Technology Fundamentals NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology Correlation by Task

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology Correlation by Task

In this course, the following tasks/competencies reinforce the standards listed beside them. Teachers may identify additional reinforcements in locally developed instructional materials.

Task/Competency Number Task/Competency Statement Standards
39 Investigate the history and emerging advances of digital technology. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Analyze how human ingenuity and technology satisfy specific human needs. ♦ Describe current and emerging hardware; configure, install, and upgrade hardware; diagnose problems; and repair hardware. ♦ Evalute the cause and effect of technological solutions on society. ♦ Identify examples of emerging hardware technologies.
40 Describe the effect of digital technology on business and society. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Analyze and compare society's influence on information technology and information technology's influence on society. ♦ Analyze how developments in information technology affect the supply/demand characteristics of the job market. ♦ Assess how information technology changes the manner in which training is offered and implemented. ♦ Assess the impact of information technology in a global society. ♦ Describe how information technology affects worker-management relationships. ♦ Describe how information technology changes social mores, including approaches toward work, family, school, and other cultures. ♦ Describe how information technology creates greater interdependence among workers, organizations, and nations. ♦ Describe the impact of technology on the knowledge and skills needed for success in the workplace. ♦ Explain how information technology has contributed to worker productivity and teamwork. ♦ Identify the impact of information technologies on the environment and society—both positive and negative (e.g., alternative fuel, disposal of information technology resources, GPS, electronic voting machines). ♦ Identify uses of information technology in the home, school, workplace, and global society. ♦ Illustrate how information technology changes organization structures.
41 Describe software associated with information systems. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Compare and contrast productivity software features from different providers. ♦ Demonstrate the transferability of skills between productivity software applications. ♦ Evaluate the effectiveness of software to solve specific problems. ♦ Explore emerging productivity software. ♦ Identify productivity software appropriate for specific tasks. ♦ Identify, evaluate, and select software specific to an organizational function and/or industry. ♦ Identify, evaluate, select, install, use, upgrade, and customize productivity software; diagnose and solve software problems.
42 Explore binary concepts and their operations in the digital technology world. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Analyze how developments in information technology affect the supply/demand characteristics of the job market. ♦ Describe the impact of technology on the knowledge and skills needed for success in the workplace. ♦ Identify and evaluate how information technology developments changes the way humans do their work. ♦ Use mathematical and/or statistical methods to manipulate data into useful information.
43 Describe the evolution of the Internet and how it works. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Analyze and compare society's influence on information technology and information technology's influence on society. ♦ Analyze how developments in information technology affect the supply/demand characteristics of the job market. ♦ Analyze how human ingenuity and technology satisfy specific human needs. ♦ Analyze the potential societal effect of widespread reliance on information technology. ♦ Assess the impact of information technology in a global society.
44 Investigate emerging technologies as they relate to the future of the Internet. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Describe the impact of technological change on information technology positions and the resulting need for lifelong learning and retraining. ♦ Discuss the impact of information technology on all careers. ♦ Identify positions and career paths in the field of information technology and explore careers in information technology (e.g., field trips, guest speakers, job shadowing).
45 Investigate trends in digital technology. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Describe education, experience, skills and personal requirements for careers in information technology. ♦ Describe the impact of technological change on information technology positions and the resulting need for lifelong learning and retraining. ♦ Discuss the impact of information technology on all careers. ♦ Identify positions and career paths in the field of information technology and explore careers in information technology (e.g., field trips, guest speakers, job shadowing). ♦ Obtain software industry certification(s) needed for a chosen career path.
46 Examine social, ethical, and legal issues associated with digital technology. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Analyze legal and ethical dilemmas within the framework of current laws and legislation (e.g., virus development, hacking, threats, phishing). ♦ Demonstrate legal and ethical behaviors when using information technologies. ♦ Describe, analyze, develop, and follow policies for managing ethical and legal issues in organizations and in a technology-based society. ♦ Discuss basic issues related to responsible use of technology and describe personal or legal consequences of inappropriate use. ♦ Evalute the cause and effect of technological solutions on society. ♦ Explain how information technologies meet human needs and affects quality of life. ♦ Explain the consequences of illegal and unethical use of information technologies (e.g., piracy; illegal downloading; licensing infringement; inappropriate use of software, hardware, and mobile devices). ♦ Identify the impact of information technologies on the environment and society—both positive and negative (e.g., alternative fuel, disposal of information technology resources, GPS, electronic voting machines).
47 Debate an ethical issue related to using computer and Internet technology. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Analyze legal and ethical dilemmas within the framework of current laws and legislation (e.g., virus development, hacking, threats, phishing). ♦ Demonstrate legal and ethical behaviors when using information technologies. ♦ Describe, analyze, develop, and follow policies for managing ethical and legal issues in organizations and in a technology-based society. ♦ Explain the consequences of illegal and unethical use of information technologies (e.g., piracy; illegal downloading; licensing infringement; inappropriate use of software, hardware, and mobile devices). ♦ Implement organization policies and procedures dealing with legal and ethical issues.
48 Create documents related to real-world business situations. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Identify productivity software appropriate for specific tasks. ♦ Use productivity software to create documents, research topics and take notes, categorize data, and perform calculations to improve academic achievement across the curriculum. ♦ Use the collaborative features of productivity software to accomplish organizational tasks.
49 Create a relational database for a real-world business situation. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Identify productivity software appropriate for specific tasks. ♦ Use advanced features of productivity software. ♦ Use productivity software to create documents, research topics and take notes, categorize data, and perform calculations to improve academic achievement across the curriculum. ♦ Use the collaborative features of productivity software to accomplish organizational tasks.
50 Create spreadsheets for a real-world business situation. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Identify productivity software appropriate for specific tasks. ♦ Use advanced features of productivity software. ♦ Use productivity software to create documents, research topics and take notes, categorize data, and perform calculations to improve academic achievement across the curriculum. ♦ Use the collaborative features of productivity software to accomplish organizational tasks.
51 Create presentations related to a real-world business situation. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Create multimedia content and prepare it for delivery (e.g., compression, resolution). ♦ Create multimedia projects collaboratively. ♦ Identify productivity software appropriate for specific tasks. ♦ Prepare projects that include a variety of media (e.g., images, text, video, and audio). ♦ Use multimedia software to create projects to enhance academic achievement across the curriculum. ♦ Use productivity software to create documents, research topics and take notes, categorize data, and perform calculations to improve academic achievement across the curriculum. ♦ Use the collaborative features of productivity software to accomplish organizational tasks.
52 Identify the parts of a computer system and the relationships among its components. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Compare and contrast various storage options (e.g., local, removable, remote). ♦ Connect needed peripheral devices. ♦ Describe interrelationships between hardware components and supportive software. ♦ Explain the purpose, operation, and care of hardware components. ♦ Identify components of hardware.
53 Describe characteristics and functions of CPUs. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Compare and contrast various storage options (e.g., local, removable, remote). ♦ Connect needed peripheral devices. ♦ Describe interrelationships between hardware components and supportive software. ♦ Explain the purpose, operation, and care of hardware components. ♦ Identify components of hardware. ♦ Identify hardware devices appropriate for specific tasks.
54 Explain the functions and characteristics of system expansion devices. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Explain the purpose, operation, and care of hardware components. ♦ Identify components of hardware. ♦ Identify examples of emerging hardware technologies. ♦ Identify hardware devices appropriate for specific tasks.
55 Demonstrate the use of connectivity devices and peripheral equipment. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Compare and contrast various storage options (e.g., local, removable, remote). ♦ Connect needed peripheral devices. ♦ Explain the purpose, operation, and care of hardware components. ♦ Identify components of hardware. ♦ Identify hardware devices appropriate for specific tasks.
56 Perform basic operations in an operating system environment. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Compare and contrast the functions, features, and limitations of different operating systems and utilities (e.g., open source, mobile, and proprietary operating systems). ♦ Describe features of operating systems that can be personalized. ♦ Identify, evaluate, select, install, use, upgrade, customize, and diagnose and solve problems with various types of operating systems and utilities. ♦ Install and customize operating systems and utilities. ♦ Navigate the basic operating system.
57 Manage various file types. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Manage files and folders. ♦ Navigate the basic operating system.
58 Describe the computer start-up sequence. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Describe emerging operating systems. ♦ Describe features of operating systems that can be personalized. ♦ Diagnose and repair installation and operational problems of operating systems and utilities.
59 Compare operating systems. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Compare and contrast the functions, features, and limitations of different operating systems and utilities (e.g., open source, mobile, and proprietary operating systems). ♦ Describe various types of operating systems and utilities.
60 Investigate needs affecting system purchases and upgrade decisions. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Analyze cost benefit and life cycle of hardware. ♦ Compare and contrast the functions, features, and limitations of different operating systems and utilities (e.g., open source, mobile, and proprietary operating systems). ♦ Evaluate hardware device options to make sound consumer decisions. ♦ Evaluate hardware vendors, warranties, and purchasing options. ♦ Identify, evaluate, select, install, use, upgrade, customize, and diagnose and solve problems with various types of operating systems and utilities. ♦ Select operating systems and utilities appropriate for specific hardware, software, and tasks.
61 Investigate the building stages of a computer. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Describe current and emerging hardware; configure, install, and upgrade hardware; diagnose problems; and repair hardware. ♦ Identify components of hardware. ♦ Remove, upgrade, store, and install computer hardware and supportive software. ♦ Repair computer hardware and solve supportive software problems. ♦ Troubleshoot advanced hardware and supportive software problems.
62 Describe the importance of system maintenance and preventive measures. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Adhere to privacy, safety and security policies and legislation (e.g., acceptable use policy, Web page policies, student photo policies, computer crime, fraud, abuse). ♦ Identify and select controls for personnel, facilities, data, communications systems, and applications appropriate to specific risks. ♦ Identify risks to personnel, facilities, data, communications systems, and applications. ♦ Implement configuration management routines (e.g., service releases, back ups, system imaging). ♦ Implement controls to prevent loss of integrity of data and other information resources. ♦ Implement organizational policies and procedures for security, privacy, and risk management. ♦ Implement procedures used to recover information from failures and security breaches (e.g., malware, viral infection). ♦ Repair computer hardware and solve supportive software problems.
64 Install software programs. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Remove, upgrade, store, and install computer hardware and supportive software.
65 Explain the purpose of anti-X software. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Remove, upgrade, store, and install computer hardware and supportive software. ♦ Troubleshoot advanced hardware and supportive software problems.
66 Identify problems associated with computer hardware, operating systems, and application software. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Adhere to privacy, safety and security policies and legislation (e.g., acceptable use policy, Web page policies, student photo policies, computer crime, fraud, abuse).
67 Describe risk-mitigation techniques. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Analyze security, privacy, and risk management dilemmas. ♦ Apply ergonomic techniques to information technology tasks to avoid injury. ♦ Design and implement a security plan for an information system, including communications systems. ♦ Design and implement security, privacy, and risk management policies and procedures for information technology. ♦ Develop and implement data retention and destruction schedules. ♦ Develop and implement disaster prevention and recovery policies and procedures.
68 Identify security risks inherent to computer hardware and software. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Adhere to privacy, safety and security policies and legislation (e.g., acceptable use policy, Web page policies, student photo policies, computer crime, fraud, abuse). ♦ Analyze security, privacy, and risk management dilemmas. ♦ Design and implement a security plan for an information system, including communications systems. ♦ Design and implement security, privacy, and risk management policies and procedures for information technology. ♦ Develop and implement data retention and destruction schedules. ♦ Develop and implement disaster prevention and recovery policies and procedures. ♦ Identify and select controls for personnel, facilities, data, communications systems, and applications appropriate to specific risks.
69 Describe security best practices for businesses. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Adhere to privacy, safety and security policies and legislation (e.g., acceptable use policy, Web page policies, student photo policies, computer crime, fraud, abuse). ♦ Analyze security, privacy, and risk management dilemmas. ♦ Apply ergonomic techniques to information technology tasks to avoid injury. ♦ Explain the risks and dangers of sharing personal information. ♦ Identify risks to personnel, facilities, data, communications systems, and applications. ♦ Implement configuration management routines (e.g., service releases, back ups, system imaging). ♦ Implement controls to prevent loss of integrity of data and other information resources. ♦ Implement procedures used to recover information from failures and security breaches (e.g., malware, viral infection).
70 Describe the importance of data backup media and strategies. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Design and implement a security plan for an information system, including communications systems. ♦ Design and implement security, privacy, and risk management policies and procedures for information technology. ♦ Develop and implement data retention and destruction schedules. ♦ Implement configuration management routines (e.g., service releases, back ups, system imaging). ♦ Implement organizational policies and procedures for security, privacy, and risk management. ♦ Implement procedures used to recover information from failures and security breaches (e.g., malware, viral infection).
71 Back up files. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Develop and implement data retention and destruction schedules. ♦ Develop and implement disaster prevention and recovery policies and procedures. ♦ Identify and select controls for personnel, facilities, data, communications systems, and applications appropriate to specific risks. ♦ Implement configuration management routines (e.g., service releases, back ups, system imaging). ♦ Implement controls to prevent loss of integrity of data and other information resources. ♦ Implement procedures used to recover information from failures and security breaches (e.g., malware, viral infection).
72 Evaluate remote connection troubleshooting. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Troubleshoot advanced hardware and supportive software problems.
73 Investigate networks and their evolution. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Describe server virtualization and its impact on organizations. ♦ Identify and use basic networking resources. ♦ Identify components and characteristics of public networks (e.g., public telephone, cable, satellite, wireless) and their functions. ♦ Identify, analyze, and evaluate emerging communications technologies for use in organizations. ♦ Recognize the impact of the convergence of telephony, data, and video communications on networks.
74 Explain networking concepts and different network structures. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Compare and contrast possible technology solutions for an organization. ♦ Describe server functions, including specialized servers (e.g., Web, DHCP, DNS, mail, proxy servers), and identify hardware and software requirements, such as RAID. ♦ Describe server virtualization and its impact on organizations. ♦ Identify and use basic networking resources. ♦ Identify components and characteristics of public networks (e.g., public telephone, cable, satellite, wireless) and their functions. ♦ Identify, analyze, and evaluate emerging communications technologies for use in organizations. ♦ Recognize the impact of the convergence of telephony, data, and video communications on networks.
75 Compare peer-to-peer and client-server networks. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Distinguish among network environments (e.g., peer-to-peer, client-server, thin client, n-tier, Internetworks, intranets, extranets).
76 Describe the differences between analog and digital technologies. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Compare and contrast possible technology solutions for an organization. ♦ Evaluate, select, and deploy a variety of network architectures and protocols. ♦ Identify and use basic networking resources. ♦ Identify components and characteristics of public networks (e.g., public telephone, cable, satellite, wireless) and their functions. ♦ Identify, analyze, and evaluate emerging communications technologies for use in organizations.
77 Identify the necessary elements that are required to connect to the Internet. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Analyze web server solutions and platforms. ♦ Compare and contrast the features of web development software. ♦ Connect web servers to application servers for interoperability. ♦ Describe and use various Internet protocols. ♦ Design, develop, test, implement, update, and evaluate web solutions. ♦ Identify the information technology solutions to meet organization needs.
78 Describe the concept of IP addresses and the Domain Name System (DNS). NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Describe and use various Internet protocols. ♦ Research and analyze hosting and domain name solutions.
79 Explain the delivery methods of ISPs. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Describe and use various Internet protocols.
80 Compare the types and features of various web browsers. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Analyze web server solutions and platforms. ♦ Compare and contrast the features of web development software. ♦ Install and configure web development software and plug-ins. ♦ Plan, set up, and configure a web server.
81 Explain file transfer mechanisms. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Publish files on local and remote systems.
82 Exhibit principles of digital citizenship. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Analyze legal and ethical dilemmas within the framework of current laws and legislation (e.g., virus development, hacking, threats, phishing). ♦ Demonstrate legal and ethical behaviors when using information technologies.
83 Identify criteria for conducting searches on the Internet. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Analyze the effectiveness of online information resources to support collaborative tasks, research, publications, communications, and increased productivity. ♦ Gather, evaluate, use, cite, and disseminate information from technology sources. ♦ Use a wide variety of information technology resources to retrieve information. ♦ Use search procedures appropriate to type of information, nature of source, and nature of query.
84 Assess the effect and value of available firewalls and intrusion detection systems (IDS). NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Design hardware and software network security solutions (e.g., VPN, SSL, firewall).
85 Explain the purpose and functions of computer programming. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Develop both procedural and object-oriented programs. ♦ Differentiate between source and object code. ♦ Identify and define object-oriented programming terminology. ♦ Identify and explain programming structures.
86 Identify the types of programming languages. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Choose the appropriate language or application development tool for specific tasks. ♦ Code a program solution in more than one programming language.
87 Explain the steps in a program life cycle. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Design, develop, test, and implement programs.
88 Design a simple program for a specific application. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Apply design principles to programming tasks. ♦ Choose the appropriate language or application development tool for specific tasks. ♦ Code a program solution in more than one programming language. ♦ Code common tasks (e.g., creating, adding, deleting, sorting, and updating records). ♦ Create a project to solve a business problem integrating mobile platforms. ♦ Design, develop, test, and implement programs. ♦ Develop both procedural and object-oriented programs.
89 Create a simple computer program. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Apply design principles to programming tasks. ♦ Choose the appropriate language or application development tool for specific tasks. ♦ Code a program solution in more than one programming language. ♦ Demonstrate the ability to code using object-oriented programming. ♦ Design, develop, test, and implement programs. ♦ Develop both procedural and object-oriented programs.
90 Execute a simple program. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Test, debug, and document code.
91 Document a simple program. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Test, debug, and document code.
92 Investigate design elements of professionally developed websites. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Install and configure web development software and plug-ins. ♦ Test, implement, and evaluate the website. ♦ Troubleshoot advanced server and site dilemmas.
93 Analyze the navigation of a website for ease of use. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Design and create websites incorporating navigation and linking.
94 Create a website. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Design and create web pages incorporating various types of media (e.g., text, image, video, and audio). ♦ Design and create websites incorporating navigation and linking.
95 Investigate publishing a website. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Publish files on local and remote systems. ♦ Troubleshoot advanced server and site dilemmas.
96 Identify hardware required for multimedia and entertainment presentations. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Analyze multimedia delivery tools and their impact on business functions.
97 Identify software programs associated with graphics and interactive media. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Identify and select appropriate multimedia file formats and properties (e.g., plug-ins, codecs, compression). ♦ Select and apply multimedia software appropriate for specific tasks. ♦ Use multimedia software to create media rich projects.
98 Explore the components of multimedia design and their applications. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Explore emerging multimedia software. ♦ Identify and select appropriate multimedia file formats and properties (e.g., plug-ins, codecs, compression). ♦ Select and apply multimedia software appropriate for specific tasks. ♦ Select and integrate multimedia software products appropriate for various computer platforms.
99 Explore digital technology as it relates to game design and development. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Explore emerging multimedia software. ♦ Select and apply multimedia software appropriate for specific tasks. ♦ Select and integrate multimedia software products appropriate for various computer platforms. ♦ Use multimedia software to create media rich projects.
100 Create an interactive multimedia presentation. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Create multimedia content and prepare it for delivery (e.g., compression, resolution). ♦ Create multimedia projects collaboratively. ♦ Select and apply multimedia software appropriate for specific tasks. ♦ Select and integrate multimedia software products appropriate for various computer platforms. ♦ Use multimedia software to create media rich projects.
106 Investigate careers, educational requirements, and certifications in the IT career pathways. NBEA Achievement Standards for Information Technology: Describe the impact of technological change on information technology positions and the resulting need for lifelong learning and retraining. ♦ Identify positions and career paths in the field of information technology and explore careers in information technology (e.g., field trips, guest speakers, job shadowing). ♦ Identify the benefits of industry certifications and higher education pathways for various information technology fields.