Identify federal, state, and local laws and agencies dealing with employment.
DefinitionIdentification should include legislation such as
- National Labor Relations Act
- Taft-Hartley Act
- Right-to-work laws
- Civil Rights Act
- Affirmative action laws
- Americans with Disabilities Act
- Family and Medical Leave Act
- Age Discrimination in Employment Act.
- National Labor Relations Board
- Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
- Virginia Employment Commission.
Related Standards of Learning
History and Social Science
The student will apply social science skills to understand the process by which public policy is made by
- defining public policy and determining how to differentiate public and private action;
- examining different perspectives on the role of government;
- describing how the national government influences the public agenda and shapes public policy by examining examples such as the Equal Rights Amendment, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and Section 9524 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965;
- describing how the state and local governments influence the public agenda and shape public policy;
- investigating and evaluating the process by which policy is implemented by the bureaucracy at each level;
- analyzing how the incentives of individuals, interest groups, and the media influence public policy; and
- devising a course of action to address local and/or state issues.
The student will apply social science skills to understand the federal judiciary by
- describing the organization, jurisdiction, and proceedings of federal courts;
- evaluating how the Marshall Court established the Supreme Court as an independent branch of government through its opinion in Marbury v. Madison;
- describing how the Supreme Court decides cases;
- comparing the philosophies of judicial activism and judicial restraint; and
- investigating and evaluating how the judiciary influences public policy by delineating the power of government and safeguarding the rights of the individual.
The student will apply social science skills to understand the social, political, and cultural movements and changes in the United States during the second half of the twentieth century by
- explaining the factors that led to United States expansion;
- evaluating and explaining the impact of the Brown v. Board of Education decision, the roles of Thurgood Marshall and Oliver W. Hill, Sr., and how Virginia responded to the decision;
- explaining how the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the 1963 March on Washington, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) had an impact on all Americans;
- analyzing changes in immigration policy and the impact of increased immigration;
- evaluating and explaining the foreign and domestic policies pursued by the American government after the Cold War;
- explaining how scientific and technological advances altered American lives; and
- evaluating and explaining the changes that occurred in American culture.