Describe the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the legal system.
DefinitionDescription should define the concept of “separation of powers” set forth in the U.S. Constitution and should identify the duties of each branch of government:
- Legislative (Congress) – passes laws; established by Article I of the Constitution
- Executive (president, vice president, cabinet departments) – administers laws; established by Article II
- Judicial (Supreme Court) – interprets laws; established by Article III
Related Standards of Learning
History and Social Science
The student will apply social science skills to understand the Constitution of the United States by
- examining the ratification debates and The Federalist;
- evaluating the purposes for government stated in the Preamble;
- examining the fundamental principles upon which the Constitution of the United States is based, including the rule of law, consent of the governed, limited government, separation of powers, and federalism;
- defining the structure of the national government outlined in Article I, Article II, and Article III; and
- analyzing and explaining the amendment process.
The student will apply social science skills to understand the organization and powers of the state and local governments described in the Constitution of Virginia by
- examining the legislative, executive, and judicial branches;
- examining the structure and powers of local governments (county, city, and town);
- analyzing the relationship between state and local governments and the roles of regional authorities, governing boards, and commissions;
- investigating and explaining the ways individuals and groups exert influence on state and local governments; and
- evaluating the effectiveness of citizen efforts to influence decisions of state and local governments by examining historical or contemporary events.