# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Business Law Instructional Scenarios

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

Instructional Scenarios

Minor and Major Trouble

Duty/Concept Area

Examining the Foundations of a Legal System

Scenario

Devan, a 19-year-old, and his good friend, Jack, a 17-year-old, are sitting and talking in Devan’s car, parked in an empty municipal lot around midnight on a Thursday. A police officer on patrol happens upon the teens and decides to check their IDs, since an 11 p.m. curfew is in effect on school nights. When the officer peers into the car window to talk with the youths, he spots a partially consumed six-pack of beer. The 19-year-old is taken into custody. Another officer arrives on the scene to escort the 17-year-old home to his parents.

Big Question

Why did the police treat the 19-year-old differently from the 17-year-old?

Focused Questions

  1. What laws apply to minors in this situation?
  2. What potential legal issues is the 19-year-old facing? If prosecuted, how would his trial be different from the trial of a 17-year-old?
  3. What rights do minors have under the U.S. Constitution?
  4. What rights do adults have under the U.S. Constitution?
  5. What is the age of majority in Virginia?

SOL Correlation

English 10. 4, 11.4, 12.4
GOVT. 4, 5, 9

Project-Based Assessment

Resources

Age of Majority
http://www.nolo.com/definition.cfm/term/8F3633D5-290A-4478-9BC5AEB13E8E9239

Age of Majority: Preparing Your Child for Making Good Choices
http://www.ncset.org/publications/viewdesc.asp?id=318

Virginia Alcohol Laws and Parental Responsibility
http://www.abc.state.va.us/Education/parent2/parent2.htm



Better to Have Loved and Lost…

Duty/Concept Area

Examining Contracts

Scenario

High school sweethearts Juan and Leeza, both 17, will be graduating in June. Madly in love, Juan decides to surprise Leeza with an engagement ring. He shops at the local jeweler and finds a ring that he knows Leeza will adore. His choice is quite expensive, so Juan enters into a contract with the jeweler to finance the ring. When Juan fills out the credit application, he tells a white lie that he is already 18, even though his birthday is not until August. He makes a down payment to secure the ring, but keeps it a secret until graduation. On graduation night, Leeza accepts the ring from Juan. Two weeks later, Leeza decides she’s not ready to commit to a long-term relationship with Juan but refuses to return the ring. Juan has just made his first payment on the ring and now wonders if he can get out of the contract.

Big Question

Does Juan have to continue making payments to the jeweler?

Focused Questions

  1. Is the contract with the jeweler a valid contract? Why or why not?
  2. Can minors disaffirm contracts?
  3. Does the fact that Juan lied about his age affect his ability to get out of the contract?
  4. Does the jeweler have legal recourse?
  5. Is there a breach of contract? If not, why?
  6. Does Leeza have a legal right to the ring?
  7. Would this case be a candidate for the mediation process?

SOL Correlation

English 10.4, 11.4, 12.4
GOVT. 16

Project-Based Assessment

Resources

Contract Law
http://law.jrank.org/pages/12504/Contract-Law.html

Contract Law: Remedies for Breaking Contract
http://law.freeadvice.com/general_practice/contract_law/defenses_contracts.htm

Disaffirming of Contracts by Minors
http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/190866/disafirrming_of_contracts_by_minors.html

Some Basics on Contracts
http://www.sportlaw.ca/articles/contracts_basics.php



Technology Troubles

Duty/Concept Area

Examining the Rights and Responsibilities of Consumers

Scenario

James, an entrepreneurial 16-year-old high school junior, has discovered a market for his bootleg copies of current movies downloaded from an Internet site. Through word-of-mouth advertising at school, James has developed a market for his DVDs and is enjoying his newfound income. Sharon and Jeanette, business law students, observe James selling the DVDs to a group of freshmen and believe that he may be engaging in illegal activity. After much consideration, the future attorneys decide to disclose James’s activities to a school administrator. The police are called. James is questioned and his parents are notified.

Big Question

Has James broken the law?

Focused Questions

  1. What creations do copyright laws protect?
  2. Who can initiate legal action against James?
  3. What duties do Sharon and Jeanette have as responsible consumers?
  4. What ethical issues are involved in this situation?
  5. Could James’s parents be questioned? Could they be culpable for his actions?
  6. What punishment and penalties could James face?
  7. If this case goes to trial, what court would hear the case?

SOL Correlation

English: 10.4, 11.4, 12.4
GOVT. 9, 10

Project-Based Assessment

Resources

Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA)
Tools for Educators
http://www.riaa.com/toolsforparents.php?content_selector=tools_pe_educators

Teens Less Likely to Download Illegally When They Know the Laws, Microsoft Survey Finds
http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/press/2008/feb08/02-13MSIPSurveyResultsPR.mspx

Intellectual Property Development Site for Youth
http://www.mybytes.com

Artists and Professionals Speak Out About Intellectual Property
http://www.mybytes.com/viewpoints.html



Keep Quiet or Speak Up?

Duty/Concept Area

Exploring Criminal Law

Scenario

Tom, a part-time employee at the local electronics big-box store, has observed on several occasions the same silver SUV picking up expensive merchandise at the loading dock. Twice, the loading dock manager has instructed Tom to load merchandise into the SUV that is not listed on the invoice. Company policy is very specific about the need for employees to compare and verify quantities loaded against the customer’s invoice. On the third occasion, Tom decides he should ask the loading dock manager why the invoice doesn’t match the merchandise provided to the customer. The loading dock manager tells Tom that he’s being paid to load—not to ask questions. The next day, the general manager approaches Tom with questions about $1,500 in missing inventory. The manager reiterates the company policy that employees must match invoices with merchandise loaded.

Big Question

Have any crimes been committed?

Focused Questions

  1. Who has committed a crime?
  2. Could Tom be charged with a crime?
  3. If arrests were made and this case prosecuted, would it be considered a misdemeanor or a felony? Explain.
  4. What types of penalties could be associated with this crime?
  5. What ethical responsibilities does Tom have?

SOL Correlation

GOVT.1, 17, 18

Project-Based Assessment

Resources

Find Law for the Public
http://criminal.findlaw.com

Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School
http://topics.law.cornell.edu/wex/Criminal_law

NOLO
http://www.nolo.com/resource.cfm/catID/3900BEB2-2599-4E9F-B5F09F0DF3E33C7B/104/143


 

A Ride Home

Duty/Concept Area

Exploring Tort Law

Scenario

Kelly asks her friend, Kyle, for a ride home after a basketball game. On the way to Kelly’s house, Kyle is greatly exceeding the speed limit when his truck hits a patch of ice. Kyle loses control of the vehicle and slams into a tree. Another motorist calls 911, and the two friends are transported to the hospital. Kelly is admitted with serious injuries. Kyle is treated for a broken wrist and minor cuts and is released. Kelly has significant medical bills over the next several months, and her parents do not have health insurance for the family. Due to the nature of her injuries, Kelly’s college basketball scholarship is now in jeopardy.

Big Question

Does Kelly have a cause of action against Kyle?

Focused Questions

SOL Correlation

GOVT. 17, 18

Project-Based Assessment

Resources

Find Law for the Public: Accident and Injury Center
http://injury.findlaw.com

Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School
http://topics.law.cornell.edu/wex/tort

 

Tying the Knot Celebrity Style

Duty/Concept Area

Increasing Awareness of Family/Domestic Law

Scenario

Pick a celebrity you would like to marry. Choose well! Before you can set the date, you must first meet with your attorneys to draft the prenuptial agreement.

Big Question

Why are prenuptial agreements used, and are they legally binding?

Focused Questions

  1. What is a prenuptial agreement?
  2. What should be included in the agreement?
  3. What are you and your celebrity spouse trying to protect by drafting this agreement?
  4. Who will benefit most from the agreement—you or your celebrity spouse?
  5. What items are not necessary to include?
  6. What makes prenuptial agreements legally binding?
  7. Does a prenuptial agreement have to be witnessed or notarized?
  8. How is a prenuptial agreement enforced?

SOL Correlation

English 10.4, 11.4, 12.4

Project-Based Assessment

Resources

Bankrate.com
http://www.bankrate.com/brm/prenup.asp

CNNMoney.com
http://money.cnn.com/2004/03/19/pf/prenups/index.htm

Trump University
http://www.trumpuniversity.com/blog/post/2005/12/nick-and-jessica-should-have-had-a-prenuptial-agreement.cfm

Uniform Premarital Agreement Act
http://www.law.upenn.edu/bll/archives/ulc/fnact99/1980s/upaa83.htm



 

Savvy Traveler

Duty/Concept Area

Identifying Concepts in International Law

Scenario

Select a country you’d like to visit for business or pleasure and research its business customs, cultural traditions, and country-specific information that incoming travelers should know.

Big Question

What steps should you take to prepare for working or traveling outside the United States?

Focused Questions

  1. What travel documents are needed to travel abroad?
  2. Why is it important to observe cultural etiquette practices?
  3. What security precautions should international travelers take?
  4. What health precautions should international travelers take?
  5. Where can you obtain information on the political climate of other countries and cities?
  6. How do you determine currency exchange rates?
  7. What steps can you take to reduce language barriers?
  8. Why is it important to know and heed a country's laws regulating alcohol, driving age, apparel/dress, and club admittance?

SOL Correlation

GOVT. 17

Project-Based Assessment

Resources

Passport Health
http://www.passporthealthusa.com

U.S. Department of State: Country-specific Information
http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1765.html

U.S. Department of State: Passports
http://travel.state.gov/passport/passport_1738.html

U.S. Department of State: Tips for Traveling Abroad
http://travel.state.gov/travel/tips/tips_1232.html

Work Etiquette: Considerations When Conducting Business Internationally
http://www.worketiquette.co.uk/considerations-when-conducting-business-internationally.html