2019/2020 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Economics and Personal Finance (6120/36 weeks)
Note: As enacted by the General Assembly of 2011 and prescribed by the Board of Education, beginning with students who enter the ninth-grade class for the first time in 2011-2012 and beyond, all students shall earn one (1) standard credit in Economics and Personal Finance. All the Economics and Personal Finance Standards of Learning to meet that graduation requirement for the Standard and Advanced Studies diplomas are included in the instruction of this course.
Tasks/competencies when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.are considered optional
Demonstrating Personal Qualities and Abilities
Demonstrating Interpersonal Skills
Demonstrating Professional Competencies
- Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
- Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
- Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
- Manage time and resources.
- Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
- Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
- Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
- Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
- Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
- Demonstrate professionalism.
- Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
- Demonstrate workplace safety.
Examining All Aspects of an Industry
- Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
- Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
- Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
- Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.
Addressing Elements of Student Life
- Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
- Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
- Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
- Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.
Developing Basic Economic Concepts and Structures
- Describe how consumers, businesses, and government decision-makers face scarcity of resources and must make trade-offs and incur opportunity costs.
- Explain that economic choices often have long-term, unintended consequences.
- Describe how effective decision-making requires comparing the additional costs (marginal costs) and additional benefits (marginal benefits).
- Identify factors of production.
- Compare economic systems.
- Explain Adam Smith’s characteristics of a market economy.
Understanding the Role of Producers and Consumers in a Market Economy
- Describe how consumers, producers, workers, savers, investors, and other people respond to incentives.
- Explain how businesses respond to consumer sovereignty.
- Identify the role of entrepreneurs.
- Compare the costs and benefits of different forms of business organization.
- Describe how costs and revenues affect profit and supply.
- Describe how increased productivity affects costs of production and standard of living.
- Examine how investment in human capital, physical capital, and technology can improve productivity.
- Describe the effects of competition on producers, sellers, and consumers.
- Explain why monopolies or collusion among sellers reduces competition and raises prices.
- Describe the circular flow of economic activity.
Exploring the Price System
Exploring the Many Factors That Affect Income
Demonstrating Knowledge of a Nation's Economic Goals
- Describe economic indicators, such as gross domestic product (GDP), consumer price index (CPI), and unemployment rate.
- Describe the causes and effects of unemployment and inflation.
- Describe the fluctuations of the business cycle.
- Describe strategies for achieving national economic goals.
- Demonstrate knowledge of the nation’s financial system.
- Demonstrate knowledge of how monetary and fiscal policy influence employment, output, and prices.
- Demonstrate knowledge of the role of government in a market economy.
- Demonstrate knowledge of the global economy.
Developing Consumer Skills
- Examine basic economic concepts and their relation to product prices and consumer spending.
- Examine the effect of supply and demand on wages and prices.
- Describe the steps for making a purchase decision.
- Describe common types of contracts and the implications of each.
- Demonstrate comparison-shopping skills.
- Maintain a filing system for personal financial records.
- Examine the impact of advertising and marketing on consumer demand and decision making in the global marketplace.
- Access reliable financial information from a variety of sources.
- Explain consumer rights, responsibilities, remedies, and the importance of consumer vigilance.
- Examine precautions for protecting identity and other personal information.
- Interact effectively with salespersons and merchants.
- Describe consumer protection regulations.
- Describe the role of consumer assistance agencies.
Demonstrating Knowledge of Planning for Living and Leisure Expenses
- Compare the costs and benefits of purchasing vs. leasing a vehicle.
- Compare the advantages and disadvantages of renting vs. purchasing a home.
- Describe the process of renting housing.
- Describe the process of purchasing a home.
- Calculate the cost of utilities, services, maintenance, and other housing expenses involved in independent living.
- Evaluate discretionary spending decisions.
Demonstrating Knowledge of Banking Transactions
- Describe the types of financial institutions.
- Examine how financial institutions affect personal financial planning.
- Evaluate services and related costs associated with personal banking.
- Differentiate among types and regulations of electronic monetary transactions.
- Prepare all forms necessary for opening and maintaining a checking and a savings account.
- Reconcile bank statements.
- Compare costs and benefits of online, mobile, and traditional banking.
- Explain how certain historical events have influenced the banking system and other financial institutions.
- Compare the U.S. monetary system with the international monetary system.
Demonstrating Knowledge of Credit and Loan Functions
- Evaluate the various methods of financing a purchase.
- Analyze credit card features and their impact on personal financial planning.
- Identify qualifications needed to obtain credit.
- Identify basic provisions of credit and loan laws.
- Compare terms and conditions of various sources of consumer credit.
- Identify strategies for effective debt management, including sources of assistance.
- Explain credit rating and credit report.
- Compare the costs and conditions of secured and unsecured loans.
- Compare the types of voluntary and involuntary bankruptcy and the implications of each.
- Calculate payment schedules for a loan, using spreadsheets, calculators, and/or online tools.
- Complete a sample credit application.
Demonstrating Knowledge of the Role of Insurance in Risk Management
- Evaluate insurance as a risk-management strategy.
- Distinguish among the types, costs, and benefits of automobile insurance coverage.
- Distinguish among the types, costs, and benefits of life insurance.
- Distinguish among the types, costs, and benefits of property insurance.
- Distinguish among the types, costs, and benefits of health insurance.
- Explain the roles of insurance in financial planning.
- Distinguish among the types of professional liability insurance.
Demonstrating Knowledge of Income Earning and Reporting
Demonstrating Knowledge of Taxes
- Describe the types and purposes of local, state, and federal taxes and the way each is levied and used.
- Explore how tax structures affect consumers, producers, and business owners differently.
- Compute local taxes on products and services.
- Examine potential tax deductions and credits on a tax return.
- Explain the content and purpose of a standard W-2 and 1099 form.
- Explain the similarities and differences between state and federal taxation of inheritances.
- Define the terminology associated with inheritance.
- Compare investment options for a monetary inheritance.
- Examine types and purposes of estate planning.
- Complete a state income tax form, including electronic formats.
- Complete short and itemized federal income tax forms, including electronic formats.
Demonstrating Knowledge of Personal Financial Planning
- Identify short-term and long-term personal financial goals.
- Identify anticipated and unanticipated income and expenses.
- Examine components and purposes of a personal net worth statement.
- Develop a personal budget.
- Investigate the effects of government actions and economic conditions on personal financial planning.
- Explain how economics influences a personal financial plan.
Demonstrating Knowledge of Investment and Savings Planning
- Compare the impact of simple interest vs. compound interest on savings.
- Compare investment and savings options.
- Explain costs and income sources for investments.
- Examine the fundamental workings of the Social Security System and the system’s effects on retirement planning.
- Contrast alternative retirement plans.
- Explore how the stock and bond markets work.
Financing Education after High School
- Identify sources of financial aid.
- Examine types of student loans.
- Explain the repayment process for student loans.
- Describe types of student grants.
- Describe types of scholarships.
- Describe investment options to pay for college costs.
- Identify ways to make the cost of postsecondary education affordable.
Preparing for Industry Certification
- Describe the process and requirements for obtaining industry certifications related to the Economics and Personal Finance course.
- Identify testing skills/strategies for a certification examination.
- Demonstrate ability to successfully complete selected practice examinations (e.g., practice questions similar to those on certification exams).
- Successfully complete an industry certification examination representative of skills learned in this course (e.g., W!SE Financial Literacy Examination).
Developing Career Exploration and Employability Skills
- Investigate career opportunities.
- Identify personal interests, aptitudes, and attitudes related to the characteristics found in successful workers.
- Prepare a professional portfolio.
- Research a company in preparation for a job interview.
- Participate in mock interviews to refine interviewing techniques.
- Prepare employment-related correspondence.